Monolith House / Rara Architecture

first_imgArchDaily ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/797479/monolith-house-rara-architecture Clipboard “COPY” Save this picture!© Christopher Alexander+ 37 Share 2016 Projects Australia Architects: Rara Architecture Area Area of this architecture project Houses ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/797479/monolith-house-rara-architecture Clipboard Structural Engineer: “COPY” Monolith House / Rara ArchitectureSave this projectSaveMonolith House / Rara Architecture Year:  Photographs Photographs:  Christopher Alexander, Alison McWhirter Photography Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Manufacturers: Cosentino, Barazza, Cemintel, Plyco, Schweigen, Dampalon Ice CopyHouses•Clifton Hill, Australia John Kyrgios Building Surveyor, AABP Land Survey:Brian Watson Energy Rating, BEACSoil Report:Indepth Geotech Builder, Precision Building Solutions Styling, Mila JarvisArchitect In Charge:Wesley SpencerCity:Clifton HillCountry:AustraliaMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Christopher AlexanderRecommended ProductsDoorsVEKADoors – VEKAMOTION 82DoorsdormakabaEntrance Doors – Revolving Door 4000 SeriesFiber Cements / CementsEQUITONEFiber Cement Facade Panel NaturaEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesFranken-SchotterFacade System –  LINEAText description provided by the architects. Our mission was to reinstate the old home’s glory through highlighting it’s simplistic characteristics and its overall form. We stripped it right back to a neutral state. The height of the rear addition had the potential to dwarf the original heritage home, so, sympathetically, we mimicked the roof angle, but didn’t hide it. Nothing about the addition is ‘trying to hide’ anything. The old building transitions smoothly to the new, visually and emotionally, both internally and externally – the old floorboards transition to a new polished concrete slab, the old weatherboards transition to a perforated brick wall (outlining the central Zen garden) and then again to a solid brick wall. The addition, which canSave this picture!© Christopher Alexanderbe enjoyed from the rear lanes and from within the property stands proud, like the existing Edwardian; it stands high, and strong without any exaggeration or excess, it is brutal, minimal and statuesque: a monolith.Save this picture!© Christopher AlexanderOur client hired us knowing the value an architect can add to the quality of their space. Bianca pushed us really hard to getting an exceptional work of architecture and not something easy they could ‘pull off’ as owner builders. This licensed us to explore some challenging design ideas that were pushed around in council for a while and was quite challenging structurally.Save this picture!Ground Floor PlanThe result is outstanding. It’s a humble house, with a simple and modest extension that meets the highest standards – everything is considered. With a variety of different spaces to enjoy and storage for everything. No one would guess there were two toddlers living in the space.Save this picture!© Alison McWhirter PhotographyThe front half is a fully refurbished double fronted weatherboard Edwardian with a calm grey palette that really celebrates the old. The new mimics the striking form of the Edwardian, while employing the use of modern materials built to last. The design intent is to make the space feel endless and not confined; to be able to see right through the house, regardless of where you are. The new open plan living and dining areas boast ample space for entertaining by eliminating the island bench. The client wanted to pack away the amenities behind a wall; so we gave her exactly that.Save this picture!1st Floor PlanUpstairs, we managed to avoid frosted windows by dropping fixed windows to the floor (more interactive for the children), while having the openable windows above 1.7m. The raked cathedral ceilings make the space feel larger than it is in the playroom/study area.The site is less than 300sqm, making it difficult to design a functional 3 bedroom family home with enough subsidiary space for each family member that meets today’s market expectations. So we decided to forget about the market’s expectations and make a truly beautiful space that did all of those things simply and perfectly and suited for a family.Save this picture!© Alison McWhirter PhotographyThe result is a space that feels like it’s floating. Externally, the facade dons only a slim line window ribboning the bottom leaving a brilliantly blank monolithic wall looming over the back yard. Save this picture!© Alison McWhirter PhotographyProduct Description. We choose to use Cemintel Barestone for the 1st floor extension cladding as we wanted something substantial while also low maintenance and cost effective. We love that it’s lightweight, comes in large sheets and is easy to install. The finish of the compressed fiber cement panels has an impressive concrete feel to it and is crisp and elegant making the overhanging extension look proud and monolithic, which the project was named after.Project gallerySee allShow lessSAPOON SAPOON Café / Betwin Space Design
Selected ProjectsAIRBUS Spain Central Offices / Pablo Notari Oviedo + CONURMA Ingenieros Consultores …Selected Projects Share Area:  208 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Monolith House / Rara Architecture CopyAbout this officeRara ArchitectureOfficeFollowProductsConcreteBrick#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesClifton HillAustraliaPublished on October 21, 2016Cite: “Monolith House / Rara Architecture” 21 Oct 2016. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogShowershansgroheShower MixersEducational3MProjection Screen Whiteboard FilmPartitionsSkyfoldWhere to Increase Flexibility in SchoolsLinoleum / Vinyl / Epoxy / UrethaneTerrazzo & MarbleTerrazzo in The Gateway ArchSkylightsLAMILUXGlass Skylight FE PassivhausConcreteKrytonSmart ConcreteMetallicsTrimoMetal Panels for Roofs – Trimoterm SNVWire MeshGKD Metal FabricsMetal Fabric in Kansas City University BuildingGlassDip-TechDigital Ceramic Curved Glass PrintingMetallicsRHEINZINKZinc Roof Systems – Double Lock Standing SeamChairs / StoolsFreifrauBarstool – OnaSealants / ProtectorsWoodenha IndustriesFireproofing System for Wood Cladding – BIME®More products »Read commentsSave世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

Cuba’s solidarity with Assata Shakur

first_imgIn a Nov. 9 interview of Kenia Serrano, president of Cuba’s Institute for Friendship with the Peoples and delegate to Cuba’s National Assembly, Washington, D.C., journalist and radio co-host Netfa Freeman asked Serrano about Assata Shakur.Assata ShakurAssata was granted political asylum in Cuba in 1984, after police shot her with her hands up, failing to kill her during a New Jersey traffic stop, and then falsely convicted her, promising life in a New Jersey prison.After her escape, she was granted political asylum in Cuba. The renewed diplomatic relations between the U.S. and Cuba — initiated last Dec. 17, after the U.S. government released the remaining three of the Cuban 5 state security agents from U.S. prisons — has brought Assata’s case to the forefront, both among Black Lives Matter fighters and as a lever for forces opposed to continuing the normalization of diplomatic relations between the U.S. and Cuba.Freeman: And finally, for those who are concerned about Sister Assata Shakur, who has political asylum, some think that maybe …Serrano: Well, I already said we are guided by principles. We are guided by principles and Cuba made a very important decision in the case of Assata and in other cases. When you accept a person as a political refugee because of the different considerations that we have, it is something that is not exposed to any debate or any dialogue or any precondition. Cuba is guided by principles, so our comrades here, our brothers and sisters, should think that we are like that. We are here because of that. If we would’ve made concessions in our history, Cuba would not be the independent sovereign and socialist country which we are.‘Hands off Assata!’From Oakland, Calif., to Ferguson, Mo., and Baltimore, the people occupying the front lines of Black Lives Matter resistance wear shirts declaring “Assata taught me.” After speaking truth to power in Chicago police commission hearings and large and small gatherings everywhere captured on video — including the 2015 Workers World Party conference — participants chant Assata’s stirring affirmation:It is our duty to fight for our freedom.It is our duty to win.We must love each other and support each other.We have nothing to lose but our chains.—Assata Shakur, July 4, 1973In New York and Wisconsin, Assata’s name has been painted over and removed from student centers. New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie declares no charter flights to Cuba will fly from New Jersey airports while she is free in Cuba. She is labeled “terrorist” with a $2 million bounty offered by the FBI.She is a theme in a recent prime-time political drama, “Madam Secretary,” where her voluntary return to the U.S. is key to ending the U.S. blockade. Even there, crudely drawn Cuban officials angrily reject any suggestion of turning Assata over to U.S. authorities — recognizing Cuba’s principled political asylum for this heroic Black woman.Serrano was in Washington, D.C., as part of a three-city visit to the United States from Nov. 3 to 17. Additionally, while in D.C., Serrano exchanged with representatives of U.S. organizations in solidarity with Cuba at the annual meeting of the National Network on Cuba and spoke at a public meeting. The full interview of Serrano was aired Nov. 24 on Pacifica radio station WPFW in the second half of the “Voices with Vision” program. It is available in the archives: ­tinyurl.com/pr6sobcFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

NCGA Past President and Current Staff Named to Corn Rootworm Knowledge…

first_imgHome Indiana Agriculture News NCGA Past President and Current Staff Named to Corn Rootworm Knowledge Research… SHARE SHARE Facebook Twitter NCGA Past President Leon Corzine and Director of Research and Development Dr. Rick Vierling have been appointed to the Corn Rootworm Knowledge Research Program Advisory Committee.  This program was designed by Monsanto to develop new collaborative research projects with researchers who have expertise and interests in areas that will enhance our fundamental understanding of corn rootworm that could lead to economical, practical and sustainable solutions for farmers.“This is important to further research on corn rootworms, a pest that costs the industry roughly a billion dollars per year,” said Dr. Vierling.As members of the advisory committee, Corzine and Vierling will guide the project, providing insight unique to their expertise. As a member of the Grant Review Panel, Dr. Vierling will also be directly reviewing the proposals submitted.A current member of the Illinois Corn Marketing Board and past NCGA president, Corzine not only farms but also serves his industry on many committees dealing wish biotech, rural and renewable energy issues. Dr. Vierling, who joined NCGA in 2010, has expertise in plant disease and pest resistance technology development and in functional genomics.Inclusion of growers in the process will ensure that the research is focused on discovering information that could lead to future corn rootworm management solutions.Involvement of the academic community as advisors and stakeholders, in addition to expert reviewers, will enrich understanding of corn rootworm resistance.The Corn Rootworm  Knowledge Research Program is currently soliciting applications from researchers in the areas of corn crop rootworm management; economic impacts of agronomic practices, including control of corn rootworm; corn rootworm biology, physiology, biochemistry, and genomics; and corn rootworm education development.Source: NCGA By Andy Eubank – Oct 29, 2012 Facebook Twitter NCGA Past President and Current Staff Named to Corn Rootworm Knowledge Research Project Advisory Committee Previous articleSoy Checkoff Releases Interactive MapNext articleAmazing FFA National Officer Journey Ends with No Regrets Andy Eubanklast_img read more

Authorities refuse to produce journalist’s “living body”

first_imgNews Organisation RSF urges Liberian authorities to investigate threats against journalists Covid-19 emergency laws spell disaster for press freedom Reports 5.08.2002On August 1st, President Charles Taylor told reporters that Hassan Bility was alive and well. He also said that the International Committee of the Red Cross would be allowed to visit him._______________________________________________________________1.08.2002Reporters Without Borders today condemned the Liberian government’s refusal to comply with an order from the country’s highest military court to produce “the living bodies” of journalist Hassan Bility and two other unidentified men who were arrested with him by security officials on 24 June. The Minister of Defense has rejected the military court’s order, issued on 25 July, as null and void, stating that the court had not been authorized by any competent authority to intervene in the case.”How are we not to take this as a pretext,” Reporters Without Borderssecretary-general Robert Ménard said in a letter to Liberian PresidentCharles Taylor. “We ask you to prove your good faith by authorizing a member of the Red Cross to see the journalist in order to establish that he has not been beaten or roughed up.”Editor of the Analyst news weekly, Bility is known for being very critical of President Taylor. He has been reported missing since 2 July, and Reporters Without Borders fears that he may have been tortured to death. He has been accused of collaborating with the rebels of the Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURD).The military court had ordered that “the living bodies” of the three men be produced by 7 August in response to habeas corpus writ. Now, one of the court’s judges has been summoned to appear before the Minister of Defence to explain “actions incompatible with his status”.Previously, on 1 and 2 July, the authorities failed to bring Bility and thetwo others before a civilian court in Monrovia in response to the writserved by the National Human Rights Centre of Liberia, a grouping of local human rights organisations. On 2 July, the public prosecutor’s office said the suspects were no longer being held by the government.Concerned about this situation, Reporters Without Borders had alerted the chairperson of the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, Diego Garcia Sayan, on 3 July. Previously, on 28 June, the organisation asked Liberian Information Minister Reginald Goodridge to quickly provide proof of the accusations against the journalist, or to release him. Until now, the organisation has received no response from the authorities.Shortly after Bility’s arrest on 24 June, the Information Minister had said he was being held at the National Security Agency in Monrovia. He said Bility was “the central figure” among those running cells in Monrovia in collaboration with LURD terrorists and their supporters in the United States with the aim of assassinating President Taylor.The authorities had said they had obtained several e-mail messages sent or received by Bility which proved his links with the rebels. LURD’sspokesperson abroad said Bility was neither a LURD member nor a sympathizer and that, on the contrary, Bility had been very critical of the LURD.______________________________________________________________07.08.2002 – President confirms arrest of journalist Hassan BilityPresident Charles Taylor confirmed on 6 July that Hassan Bility, editor ofthe privately-owned weekly paper The Analyst, was still being held by thegovernment. He said he had not been tortured, that Red Cross officialswould be allowed to visit him and that he would probably be tried by amilitary court for being an “unlawful combatant”. Taylor’s statement, on Kiss FM, a radio station he owns, contradicted the public prosecutor’s office, which said on 2 July that Bility was no longer in government hands.______________________________________________________________07.03.2002 Hassan Bility, editor of the privately-owned weekly paper The Analyst accused of plotting with anti-government rebels to kill President Charles Taylor, has been missing since 1 July, after being arrested on 24 June with two other people.Reporters Without Borders is very concerned and has asked the chairman of the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, Diego Garcia-Sayan, to “intervene urgently” with the Liberian government.”We fear Bility, a fierce critic of President Taylor, may have died under torture,” said Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Robert Ménard in a letter to Garcia-Sayan.The organisation asked Liberian information minister Reginald Goodridge on 28 June to provide speedy proof of the accusations against Bility or else to release him. “We hope the allegation of plotting to kill the president is not just an excuse to gag a journalist who has been harshly critical of the government,” Ménard said. The authorities have not responded.The National Human Rights Centre of Liberia, a group of local bodies, asked the government to show them the three arrested people, dead or alive, under the habeas corpus law. The three (two of whom have not been identified) were not presented to a court in Monrovia on 1 and 2 July as the Center had requested and on 2 July, the public prosecutor’s office said they were no longer in the hands of the government.Goodridge said shortly after the 24 June arrests that Bility was being held at National Security Agency offices in Monrovia because he was “a central figure” among “those who have been running cells in Monrovia actively collaborating with LURD terrorists and their supporters in the United States” with the aim of assassinating President Taylor.The authorities said they had found several e-mail messages sent or received by Bility that proved he had links with the rebels. A spokesman for LURD (Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy) outside the country said Bility was “not a member of LURD nor even a sympathiser” and was in fact very critical of it.Reporters Without Borders recalls that in February, four journalists of The Analyst were arrested for 24 hours for having written several articles the authorities said were “not out for peace” and “poisoned the minds of the people.” Police searched the paper’s offices on 26 April and ordered it to close. A month later, President Taylor said it could be sold in public once again. The 2020 pandemic has challenged press freedom in Africa Follow the news on Liberia June 12, 2020 Find out more to go further RSF_en Hassan Bility, editor of the privately-owned weekly paper The Analyst accused of plotting with anti-government rebels to kill President Charles Taylor, has been arrested on 24 June with two other people. News August 5, 2002 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Authorities refuse to produce journalist’s “living body” December 16, 2020 Find out more LiberiaAfrica News November 27, 2020 Find out more Receive email alerts Help by sharing this information LiberiaAfrica last_img read more

DAILY OIL PRICE: June 6

first_img Previous articleFive things you need to know today, June 6Next articleOPD searching for Subway thief admin RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Facebook Ashford Hospitality Trust: 4Q Earnings Snapshot WhatsApp Twitter Twitter Pinterest Octopus Energy U.S. to Discount Customers’ Bills by as Much as 90% Crude Oil: 64.73 (-.79)Nymex MTD AVG: 65.4050.Natural Gas: 2.896 (+.006).Gasoline: 2.0700 (-0.0362).Spreads: July/Aug. (+.03) Aug./Sept. (+.18).Plains WTI Posting: 61.25 (-.75). Pinterestcenter_img Facebook Home Local News Business DAILY OIL PRICE: June 6 WhatsApp By admin – June 6, 2018 Rattler Midstream: 4Q Earnings Snapshot Congressman Mike Conaway talks to the Odessa American on Jan. 7, 2018. Local NewsBusiness DAILY OIL PRICE: June 6 Southern Style Potato SaladUpside Down Blueberry Pie CheesecakeSmoked Bacon Wrapped French Vidalia OnionPowered By 10 Sec Mama’s Deviled Eggs NextStay last_img read more

Mother arrested after bedridden girl, 7, found dead during welfare check

first_imgBay City Police Department(BAY CITY, TX.) — A mother has been arrested after a 7-year-old bedridden girl was found dead inside her home when police were performing a welfare check.The incident occurred at about 2:30 p.m. on Friday when Bay City Police Officers in Bay City, Texas, were doing a welfare check at a residence in the area and found a 7-year-old girl who was bedridden due to medical conditions dead inside the home.“There was all kinds of, you know, the police tape and police over there and people walking around and everything,” a female neighbor told ABC News’ Houston station KTRK-TV.Two other children — a 5-year-old and a 3-month-old — were also on the premises along with the mother, 26-year-old Lauren Kay Dean, who was arrested by authorities after they discovered her dead daughter. It was unclear how long the 7-year-old had been deceased for.Detectives and crime scene investigators were called to the scene and gathered evidence after police made the grisly discovery. The two other children were removed from the home.Lauren Kay Dean was arrested and taken into custody at the Matagorda County Jail and charged with three second degree felony charges: abandonment, endangering a child and imminent danger bodily injury.“That’s really sad because I have a 7-year-old right there so I wonder how that happened without anybody knowing, and especially if she had other kids too,” said Dean’s neighbor during an interview with KTRK.Police are still investigating the causes of the 7-year-old’s death and anybody with any information in the case is encouraged to contact authorities. Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

BB’s week in pictures: 11-15 February 2013

first_imgBritish Baker reveals the latest industry round-up from the past five days in an exclusive picture gallery.Wenzel’s plans London-wide expansion: 11/2/2013Family run retail bakery business Wenzel’s the Bakers exclusively revealed to British Baker that it would be operating at least 60 shops in the next two years.Chief executive Peter Wenzel said the company would be targeting locations south and in the centre of the capital, extending the estate’s footprint beyond its current north-west London base.Video: How to make cake pops: 12/2/2013Clare O’Connell, owner of POP Bakery, reveals her secrets behind the cake pop trend and how to create her trademark Russian doll leopard-print design in an exclusive British Baker video masterclass.Win with The Fabulous Baker Brothers: 12/2/2013Young trainee bakers could scoop a top prize of training with Channel 4’s The Fabulous Baker Brothers, Tom and Henry Herbert, as part of a new category added to the National Association of Master Bakers’ annual competition.The all-expenses-paid prize will see one lucky winner learning tricks of the trade from the bakery siblings at their Hobbs House Bakery in Chipping Sodbury.Candy Cakes launches first international outlet: 13/2/2013Privately-owned Candy Cakes has signed an international franchising deal with The Landmark Group, which will see 14 outlets opening in the United Arab Emirates in the next 12 months.The firm operates five UK sites in London, including a concession outlet in toy store Hamley’s.Konditor & Cook to trial pop-up cake shops: 14/2/2013Konditor & Cook is looking to open up to three temporary pop-up sites this year to trial a new dedicated cake shop format.Revealing the news to British Baker, MD Paul Cons said the London-based firm would be looking to open the first site by the summer and would look to target its shops at new locations in the capital, including sites around mainline railway stations.Paul’s Pies double sales in four weeks: 15/2/2013Oxon-based pie manufacturer Paul’s Pies has doubled its sales in the last four weeks of supplying its products to Budgens, British Baker can reveal.Founder Paul Sykes said since the company launched in April 2011, daily pie production has increased from 28 to 500 units.last_img read more

Lily Vanilli launches the Battenbun for Easter

first_imgLondon bakery Lily Vanilli has come up with an Easter bakery hybrid that is taking social media by storm.The new hot cross bun/Battenberg cake hybrids will be available this weekend at East London’s Lily Vanilli bakery, where they will be given out on a first-come first-served bakery.They are the brainchild of celebrity chef Anna Olson, from Food Network’s Bake with Anna Olsen, and comprise an almond, cinnamon, apricot and marzipan icing atop a pink and yellow hot cross bun.Twitter user @BenNorum said: “Woo! @lilyvanillicake has created the #Battenbun (Battenberg x hot cross bun) and is giving lots out free this wknd”@Jamie_Andersen agreed: “OMG I want a #Battenbun! @FoodNetwork_UK @chefannaolson”last_img read more

You call this spring?

first_imgAfter a harsh winter and an April reluctant to warm, New Englanders are keeping their eyes peeled for signs of a lasting spring. Among them is Elizabeth Wolkovich, a Harvard assistant professor of organismic and evolutionary biology who observes changes in trees and other plants with more than casual interest.Wolkovich, appointed in January and based at the Arnold Arboretum and the Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, is an authority on plant phenology, or the timing of natural life cycle events, and how those may be affected by climate change. The Gazette spoke with her to get an insider’s view of this slow-blooming spring and how it fits into the puzzle of past and future climate change.GAZETTE: What is phenology, and how does your research relate to it?WOLKOVICH: Phenology is the timing of recurring life history events. That could be the day that a bird starts its migration. It could be the day that a larva comes out of its cocoon and becomes a butterfly.I study plant phenology, such as the day we see leaves coming out on a tree each spring or the day of flowering. It also includes things like the day of leaf coloring in the fall or the day leaves come off a tree or that an herbaceous species senesces.I work on global estimates of how phenology has shifted with climate change. In particular, I’m interested in understanding how diverse species have responded to climate change, as opposed to simple average estimates. And I’m also interested in the indirect effects. How do different communities respond to climate change? What does it mean if one species is shifting when it leafs or flowers a lot and another species isn’t? Or are different species interacting because the timing has shifted so dramatically for some but not others?GAZETTE: And what has your research told us about this phenomenon?WOLKOVICH: One of the first things I did with a group of great collaborators when I started working on phenology is try to pull together a better set of data on how plants have responded to climate change over the last 30 to 150 years.Up until five to 10 years ago, our global estimates of how plants responded to temperature and climate change mainly came from Europe. Europeans have phenomenal, incredible phenology records. They love to collect phenology data. They have been collecting it from before the time of temperature [data collection]. It is their version of the thermometer. It is nature’s version of the thermometer.They had amassed this tremendous data set, millions of observations, hundreds of thousands of time-series data, but it’s very Europe-focused. Europe has a certain climate, and because of the way these data were collected, it covered a small number of species, about 150.What I wanted to do was draw in other data sets. These were often not collected by scientific organizations, as they were in Europe. They were very species-rich because we had people who had gone out and collected data on every species in the community, 100 to 500 different species.We pulled all those together and from them we found that there is a very, very consistent average estimate for changes in Northern Hemisphere plant species in response to temperature. They advance four to six days per degree Celsius of warming.Boston, which has climate change from the effects of greenhouse gases, and also an urban heat-island effect because there are much lower levels of vegetation here than in the surrounding countryside, has warmed significantly, about 2.4 degrees C. That means an advance of around 10 to 15 days in the start of spring in the area.It’s actually more than that, though, because our estimate includes a diverse set of species across the growing season. We know that early season species tend to be the most sensitive to warming, and those are the species in which we see the greatest advances due to climate change.That’s why usually the average estimate for changes in the start of spring around Boston is an advance of three or more weeks over the last 100 years.GAZETTE: What does that mean to people looking out their windows?WOLKOVICH: There’s [annual] variability, and that’s one of the things we all have to accept about climate.Understanding climate change doesn’t mean we know the weather next week very well. We also can’t predict the climate next year, but we can give you a good estimate of what climate will look like in 50 years compared with today.An example of what we’re seeing is the fact that we’ve had two or three of the earliest spring leaf-out events on record in the last three to five years.  Yes, some years have long, hard winters like this year. I don’t believe leaf-out is dramatically early this year compared to the long-term mean.But what you are seeing is the rare, very, very early springs showing up more and more frequently. And I think that’s a very good indicator that, yes, there’s variability — some years are very late, some years are very early — but we’re consistently seeing very early years in most recent decades.GAZETTE: Can we draw lessons from a winter like this, on the difference between climate and weather and how, due to variability, you’re always going to get years like this?WOLKOVICH: Certainly, weather refers to the short-term effects and climate to the large-scale spatial and temporal patterns that we see in the Earth’s system.We know that the weather here is generally going to be different from 30 miles away. What we have seen over time with temperature is the variability is the same. There’s a mix of early and late winters and harsh winters and more mild winters. For the last 11,000 years winters probably have been relatively similar to this in New England. But we’re seeing more often that winters are ending earlier.GAZETTE: You mentioned shifting seasons here in Boston. How does that fit into the global picture of seasonal change? Does that fit into the patterns we see around the world, or are there some places that are different?WOLKOVICH: We predicted that the place that will experience the largest amount of climate change is the Arctic. Over the next 80 years, we’re predicting most terrestrial areas to increase at least 2 degrees Celsius over to what they have already warmed. In the Arctic, those projections are 5 to 6 degrees Celsius. And we’re already seeing that warming has been much greater in the Arctic.It has been projected that the Arctic will get more warming and that urban areas will get more warming. Because the climate system is quite complicated, there are also places that are experiencing cooling, certain small sections of Antarctica.Then there are other places that are going to experience bigger shifts in precipitation than in temperature. It’s harder to predict shifts in precipitation because our models aren’t quite as robust as the ones for temperature.The West is the place where we expect the dominant change to be precipitation. So this year it seemed like a very late and cold winter in New England, kind of like the good old days. But out West, we had one of the more dramatic droughts on record.last_img read more

Burger Kings Of The Future Revealed

first_imgShare:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Image courtesy: Burger KingMIAMI – Burger King is making plans to adapt in the Coronavirus age.Image courtesy: Burger KingThey are building triple drive-through, burger pick up lockers and take out counters.The chain revealed their two new restaurant designs last week.It plans to build prototypes in Miami, Latin America, and the Caribbean. Burger King has been working on new restaurant designs for a few years.Although the pandemic has accelerated certain trends, like online ordering, and made to-go orders.last_img read more