SuperKamiokande Finds Structure in the Cosmic Ray Sky

first_img Explore further Supernovae and similar high-energy events can accelerate protons and heavier atomic nuclei to enormous speeds, imparting a kinetic energy thousands of times greater than the mass of the particle itself. Many are much more powerful than anything our best particle accelerators can produce, so cosmic rays are of great interest to particle physicists as well as astronomers. The strongest (and rarest) cosmic rays can pack as much kinetic energy as a good punch in the jaw — no mean feat for a subatomic particle weighing 1027 times less than your fist!For all their scientific potential, cosmic rays cannot be identified with any specific source. Because atomic nuclei are charged particles, they can be deflected by the Milky Way’s magnetic field. While scientists have many ideas concerning the astronomical processes that can create cosmic rays, it has proven difficult to test these ideas.What’s more, most of the cosmic rays that meet the Earth never make it to the ground. Their annihilation in the atmosphere produces an “shower” of muons (heavy electrons, essentially), neutrinos, and other simple subatomic particles. Some of the byproducts can produce showers of their own, eventually dissipating most of the cosmic ray’s energy into the atmosphere. (The photograph shown here was taken from a baloon high in the atmosphere.) The high-energy muons, however, interact only rarely with matter and can slide through miles of atmosphere and bedrock before coming to a halt. Building a better μ-trapCosmic ray muons are elusive targets, and can’t be counted by watching the sky. Instead researchers must surround an enormous volume of transparent material with detectors, and hope to catch a small fraction of the passing particles inside. The Super-Kamiokande experiment, for example, is an underground tank containing 50,000 tons of water. Cosmic muons in particular have a distinctive signature. While they travel at speeds close to that of light, light is about 75% slower in water than in air. The muons therefore move faster than the light they emit, so the leading edges of the emitted waves pile up into a bright, cone-shaped pulse. The same phenomenon can be seen in the powerful crest that defines the wake of a speedboat, or heard in the boom of a supersonic jet or rocket. When a cosmic muon passes through, the photomultipliers trace out a perfect ellipse or hyperbola (a conic section) on the wall.Collecting over 200 million cosmic ray muons from five years of Super-Kamiokande data, researchers Gene Guillian, Yuichi Oyama, and other collaborators were able to reconstruct a full-sky map of the cosmic ray flux. Two features are readily apparent: an excess of cosmic rays in the direction of the constellation Taurus, and a deficit in the direction of Virgo. (The scale on the right is the ratio of local flux to average flux.) The excess and deficit are both detected with a very high confidence; the probability for each to have been produced by random fluctuations is less than one in a million. Their amplitudes are also roughly the same, and they are separated by an angle of about 130° on the sky. This odd angle seems to preclude the most obvious explanation, that Super-K is seeing the effect of the Earth’s motion with respect to an isotropic cosmic ray background. If such were the case, then the separation between the two features should be exactly 180°.Oyama and Guillian offer another possible explanation. The cosmic ray excess points into the denser regions of our spiral arm of the Milky Way galaxy, and the deficit is pointing roughly out of the galactic plane. Does this result prove that some of the cosmic rays come from nearby sources? “We have no idea about this,” responds Oyama, who goes on to explain that the entire theoretical community will want to debate the matter. Guillian’s paper, for example, mentions a competing hypothesis: that local structure in the galactic magnetic field may focus or defocus the cosmic ray flux in certain directions. These results provide an important clue to the origin of cosmic rays, and will certainly shed light on the question of how the galactic magnetic field influences their journey. “In 1987, Kamiokande started an astronomy beyond light.” Dr. Oyama explains, referring to the detection of supernova neutrinos mentioned above. “In 2005, Super-Kamiokande started an astronomy beyond neutral particles.”References:Yuichi Oyama, 2006, “Anisotropy of the Primary Cosmic Ray Flux in Super-Kamiokande” Guillian et al., 2005, “Observation of the Anisotropy of 10 TeV Primary Cosmic Ray Nuclei Flux with the Super-Kamiokande-I Detector” cosmic ray photograph was taken from the website “The Exploration of the Earth’s Magnetosphere” at URL Ben Mathiesen, Copyright 2006 Cosmic rays, which are high-energy atomic nuclei driven by spectacular cosmic events, come to us from every direction on the sky. Most of them are destroyed high in the atmosphere, creating a shower of high-speed particles that penetrate sky and earth with ease. Surprising results from Japan’s Super-Kamiokande underground observatory have recently shown that the distribution of cosmic rays on the sky is not uniform, a useful clue to the nature of these cosmic voyagers. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. How conspiracy theories followed man to the Mooncenter_img Lining the walls of this tank are 11,200 photomultiplier tubes, sensitive instruments that amplify the faintest glimmer of light into a strong electrical current. If an interesting event occurs anywhere in the tank’s volume, the nature of the interaction can be reconstructed from the pattern of captured light on the walls. When supernova 1987a exploded in the Large Magellanic Cloud, for example, Super-Kamiokande captured a dozen neutrinos in two separate pulses from the dying star. Citation: Super-Kamiokande Finds Structure in the Cosmic Ray Sky (2006, May 15) retrieved 18 August 2019 from A full-sky map of the total cosmic ray muon flux received by Super-Kamiokande over a five-year period. The circular regions (distorted by the map projection) drawn in red and blue enclose the excess and deficit respectively. The color scale ranges from an excess of 0.5% to a deficit of -0.5%. A collision between a high-energy cosmic ray particle and an atom in a photographic emulsion, as viewed through a microscope. Credit: NASA, Dr. David P. Sternlast_img read more

Researchers create twosegment nanotubes with distinct semiconducting domains

first_img Citation: Researchers create two-segment nanotubes with distinct semiconducting domains (2011, October 21) retrieved 18 August 2019 from SEM and TEM micrographs of a research sample. Image: Science, DOI:10.1126/science.1210369 © 2011 High-mobility semiconducting carbon nanotubes This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: Supramolecular Linear Heterojunction Composed of Graphite-Like Semiconducting Nanotubular Segments, Science, 21 October 2011: Vol. 334 no. 6054 pp. 340-343 DOI: 10.1126/science.1210369ABSTRACTOne-dimensionally connected organic nanostructures with dissimilar semiconducting properties are expected to provide a reliable platform in understanding the behaviors of photocarriers, which are important for the development of efficient photon-to-electrical energy conversion systems. Although bottom-up supramolecular approaches are considered promising for the realization of such nanoscale heterojunctions, the dynamic nature of molecular assembly is problematic. We report a semiconducting nanoscale organic heterojunction, demonstrated by stepwise nanotubular coassembly of two strategically designed molecular graphenes. The dissimilar nanotubular segments, thus connected noncovalently, were electronically communicable with one another over the heterojunction interface and displayed characteristic excitation energy transfer and charge transport properties not present in a mixture of the corresponding homotropically assembled nanotubes. The team, led by Takanori Fukushima and Takuzo Aida and working out of the RIKEN Advanced Science Institute in Saitama, Japan, created the new nanotubes by growing first one segment from an HBC derivative, then adding bipyridine side-chains to help with metal binding. They then coated the outside of the segment with copper ions to stabilize them and to prevent them from clumping.Once they had the first segment, the next task was to grow another segment of a different type from one of the ends of the first segment. They did this by treating a second HBC derivative with just four fluorine atoms, which helped the two segments stick to one another while the second segment grew. The end result was a single nanotube with segments that had distinctly different electronic properties. In this case, one side was made of type p semiconducting material (which has relatively few electrons) while the other side was made of type n semiconducting material (which has a lot of electrons).Such nanotubes could be used to more efficiently move the hole in an electron-hole pair that strikes a solar cell, shunting it off to the p type semiconductor side of the nanotube and the electron to the type n material side. By making the heterojunction more efficient, i.e. maximizing the electron-hole separation without dissipation, the new technology could conceivably wind up replacing conventional methods used in solar energy and other technologies. Such nanotubes should also extend the life of many such charge carriers and could be grown in virtually any shape, making them usable in a wide variety of applications.The next challenge for the group will be to figure out a way to grow the nanotubes standing up so that the whole process can be standardized and then of course industrialized. Once that’s accomplished, the new nanotubes could be used in all manner of new devices, ranging from lasers to solar collectors to more efficient transistors. Explore further ( — A group of researchers working in Japan has devised a means of creating dual segmented nanotubes where each segment has separate and distinct semiconducting properties. The team describes how they were able to create the unique nanotubes which are joined by means of a heterojunction, in their paper published in Science.last_img read more

Ants in space find it tougher going than those on Earth

first_img Explore further Where ants go when nature calls The Ants In Space CSI-06 investigation looks at how an ant colony responds to the extreme environment of microgravity aboard the International Space Station to solve their collective need for resources. Data gathered from this study may help with algorithms for robotics on Earth. Credit: NASA Last summer, a team of researchers in the U.S. affiliated with several institutions across the country described experiments they were planning to conduct with ants by sending some to the International Space Station—they wanted to know how the ants would change their searching activities to compensate for the lack of gravity. Those experiments have been carried out and the team now reports that the ants showed a remarkable degree of adaptability and tenacity in carrying out their searching activities.Scientists still do not understand how ants band together as a unit to get work done—there is no central leader yet different ants fill different roles and all the things that need to happen to build and maintain a colony happen, most particularly, foraging, where ants check out new territory and then bring back food. Scientists know that the ants communicate by smelling antennae, or chemicals left on trails, but other than that, are baffled. The researchers on this new project were hoping watching ants deal with space conditions might help in understanding how they do what they do.The experiments consisted of having a group of ants start off in a box that served as a nest. At some point, a door would be opened allowing the ants access to new territory—they were filmed as they moved into the new territory and began searching. In watching the video, the researchers noted that the ants were far less efficient than ants in the exact same conditions back on Earth, they spent much more time simply trying to cling to walls, and quite often found themselves slipping and hanging in the air—oftentimes for several seconds, until they found something they could grab onto to bring them back to their task area—the end result was less territory searched or re-searched and more time taken to find resources.Thus far, it does not appear the ants in space experiment has yielded much else in the way of explaining how the ants know what to do and when, but, the team suggests, their ability to adapt to new surroundings and to continue searching might help other scientists looking to develop better computer algorithms for programming robots to do the same sorts of things. © 2015 More information: Collective search by ants in microgravity, Front. Ecol. Evol., 30 March 2015. DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2015.00025AbstractThe problem of collective search is a tradeoff between searching thoroughly and covering as much area as possible. This tradeoff depends on the density of searchers. Solutions to the problem of collective search are currently of much interest in robotics and in the study of distributed algorithms, for example to design ways that without central control robots can use local information to perform search and rescue operations. Ant colonies operate without central control. Because they can perceive only local, mostly chemical and tactile cues, they must search collectively to find resources and to monitor the colony’s environment. Examining how ants in diverse environments solve the problem of collective search can elucidate how evolution has led to diverse forms of collective behavior. An experiment on the International Space Station in January 2014 examined how ants (Tetramorium caespitum) perform collective search in microgravity. In the ISS experiment, the ants explored a small arena in which a barrier was lowered to increase the area and thus lower ant density. In microgravity, relative to ground controls, ants explored the area less thoroughly and took more convoluted paths. It appears that the difficulty of holding on to the surface interfered with the ants’ ability to search collectively. Ants frequently lost contact with the surface, but showed a remarkable ability to regain contact with the surface. Citation: Ants in space find it tougher going than those on Earth (2015, April 1) retrieved 18 August 2019 from This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (—The results of a study conducted to see how well ants carry out their search activities in space are in, and the team that sent them there has written and published the results in the journal Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. They found that while the ants demonstrated a remarkable capacity to adapt to the weightlessness of space, they still found it much more difficult than ants performing the same sorts of activities back here on Earth.last_img read more

Study reveals how choleras two chromosomes communicate to coordinate replication

first_imgScanning electron microscope image of V. cholerae. Credit: public domain Journal information: Science Advances © 2016 PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen Citation: Study reveals how cholera’s two chromosomes communicate to coordinate replication (2016, April 25) retrieved 18 August 2019 from Explore further More information: M.-E. Val et al. A checkpoint control orchestrates the replication of the two chromosomes of Vibrio cholerae, Science Advances (2016). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1501914AbstractBacteria with multiple chromosomes represent up to 10% of all bacterial species. Unlike eukaryotes, these bacteria use chromosome-specific initiators for their replication. In all cases investigated, the machineries for secondary chromosome replication initiation are of plasmid origin. One of the important differences between plasmids and chromosomes is that the latter replicate during a defined period of the cell cycle, ensuring a single round of replication per cell. Vibrio cholerae carries two circular chromosomes, Chr1 and Chr2, which are replicated in a well-orchestrated manner with the cell cycle and coordinated in such a way that replication termination occurs at the same time. However, the mechanism coordinating this synchrony remains speculative. We investigated this mechanism and revealed that initiation of Chr2 replication is triggered by the replication of a 150-bp locus positioned on Chr1, called crtS. This crtS replication–mediated Chr2 replication initiation mechanism explains how the two chromosomes communicate to coordinate their replication. Our study reveals a new checkpoint control mechanism in bacteria, and highlights possible functional interactions mediated by contacts between two chromosomes, an unprecedented observation in bacteria.center_img V. cholera has been studied extensively for some time as part of an ongoing process to either eliminate it as a threat to people, or to treat infections. As part of that effort, scientists have found that each bacterium has two chromosomes, both of which need to split prior to the cell splitting as part of its life cycle. Prior research has shown that the chromosomes split at the same time, which has suggested a means of communications between the two. In this new effort, the researchers have identified that means of communication and the parts of the chromosomes that are involved in the process.The two chromosomes in each cell are called chr1 and chr2. Chr1 is a lot longer than chr2 and is the chromosome that initiates the entire division process, the team found, when a DnaA molecule binds to a part of the chromosome called ori2 leading to the replication process in chr1, along a circular path. When that path crosses a point the researchers have called crtS, a molecule called RctB is activated which makes its way to chr2 causing it to begins its replication process. The two processes then finish at very nearly the same time—just prior to the complete cell dividing—due to the physical proximity of the two chromosomes and the location of the crtS on chr1.The team then deleted the crtS region in some of the bacteria and found that doing so caused problems with growth and DNA damage. They also allowed one group of the mutant bacteria to multiply over 200 generations to learn more about how the bacteria might compensate for the loss of crtS and discovered that that the mutations led only to mutations in RctB, which the team claims, shows that activation by RctB is a crucial part of the process. (—A team of researchers from France and Denmark, working at Institut Pasteur, in Paris has found the mechanism that is involved that allows dual chromosomes in Vibrio cholerae cells to split at the same time as part of replication. In their paper published in the journal Science Advances, the team describes how they closely studied cell replication in V. cholerae, the bacteria that cause cholera, and then verified their understanding of how chromosome division was occurring by disabling different parts involved in the process. Researchers discover novel role of TBK1 protein in cell division Play An animation presenting the model for replication checkpoint control in Vibrio cholerae. Credit: Val Marie-Eve This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Increase in wildfires causing bad air days in US Northwest to get

first_img © 2018 Medical Xpress More information: Crystal D. McClure et al. US particulate matter air quality improves except in wildfire-prone areas, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2018). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1804353115AbstractUsing data from rural monitoring sites across the contiguous United States, we evaluated fine particulate matter (PM2.5) trends for 1988–2016. We calculate trends in the policy-relevant 98th quantile of PM2.5 using Quantile Regression. We use Kriging and Gaussian Geostatistical Simulations to interpolate trends between observed data points. Overall, we found positive trends in 98th quantile PM2.5 at sites within the Northwest United States (average 0.21 ± 0.12 µg·m−3·y−1; ±95% confidence interval). This was in contrast with sites throughout the rest of country, which showed a negative trend in 98th quantile PM2.5, likely due to reductions in anthropogenic emissions (average −0.66 ± 0.10 µg·m−3·y−1). The positive trend in 98th quantile PM2.5 is due to wildfire activity and was supported by positive trends in total carbon and no trend in sulfate across the Northwest. We also evaluated daily moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) aerosol optical depth (AOD) for 2002–2017 throughout the United States to compare with ground-based trends. For both Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments (IMPROVE) PM2.5 and MODIS AOD datasets, we found positive 98th quantile trends in the Northwest (1.77 ± 0.68% and 2.12 ± 0.81% per year, respectively) through 2016. The trend in Northwest AOD is even greater if data for the high-fire year of 2017 are included. These results indicate a decrease in PM2.5 over most of the country but a positive trend in the 98th quantile PM2.5 across the Northwest due to wildfires. Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Citation: Increase in wildfires causing bad air days in US Northwest to get worse over the past 28 years (2018, July 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from Over the past quarter-century, wildfires (unplanned fires burning in forests or other areas) in many parts of the western United States have become larger and longer-lasting than they were in earlier years. Many environmental scientists have suggested this is due to global warming. Prior research has shown that such fires carry fine particulate matter into the air, and that many people can be harmed by breathing such particles. Those with lung conditions such as COPD or asthma, for example, can suffer problems when exposed to such particles, as can senior citizens and children. In this new effort, McClure and Jaffe looked into the possible impacts of bigger and longer-burning wildfires on people living in impacted areas.They obtained data from 100 rural air quality monitoring sites from across the country and sifted through the data, collecting information only on particles that were smaller than 2.5 micrometers. They entered the data into a mapping application that displayed levels of such particulates across the continental U.S. Next, they set filters to show changes in levels of the fine particulates over the years 1988 to 2016 for only the worst air quality days. Doing so showed that the northwest part of the country has experienced more bad days over the past 28 years, and those bad days have been worsening. In sharp contrast, they found that the rest of the United States experienced better air quality over the same time period. The researchers note that even people who are not normally at risk from wildfire particulates can be harmed if they are exposed to them on a regular basis. And sometimes, levels can be extreme, such as when a fire burns for a long time near a community. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.center_img Credit: CC0 Public Domain Smoke from wildfires can tip air quality to unhealthy levels Explore further A pair of researchers with the University of Washington has found that an increase in wildfire size and duration over the past 28 years has led to worsening bad air days in the U.S. Northwest. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Crystal McClure and Daniel Jaffe describe their study and what their results mean for people living in affected areas.last_img read more

LF calls for 6hr Bangla bandh against TMCs reign of terror

first_imgKolkata: Left Front has called a 6-hour Bangla bandh on April 13, to protest against the ‘reign of terror unleashed by Trinamool Congress’ over the filing of nominations by Opposition candidates. Left Front chairman Biman Bose said there has been unprecedented violence over filing of nominations throughout the state.He said the bandh will start at 6 am and end at 12 noon. The CBSE candidates who will have exam on that day, will be exempted.It may be mentioned that the Opposition parties have fielded over 68,000 candidates in Gram Panchayat, Panchayat Samity and Zilla Parishad. Of these, Left Front has fielded 24,768 candidates.last_img read more

No restrictions for readers at Bhowanipores street library

first_imgKolkata: The joint initiative of the local councillor and a private media and management institute in the city, has led to the unveiling of a unique library at Bhowanipore in South Kolkata, where the reader is free to take books home free of cost. The only condition is that he/she has to return the book after they finish reading it.”The street library has been set up on the wall of Vidyanjali High School at the crossing of Allenby Road and Dr Rajendra Road. Racks have been attached to the wall where the books are kept and a shade has been made over the racks to prevent the books from getting soaked during the rain. There is no librarian or guard to see who are taking the books. People are free to take the books round the clock, any time they wish,” councillor of ward 70 Ashim Basu said. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsWhen asked about the possibility of theft as there is nobody to keep a watch on the ‘street library’, Basu said, “Believe me, a majority of the people who have taken books have returned them. A number of people who have taken books have come back with more books to add to the collection of the library. The library has started on May 5 and already, fifteen days have passed. There are a number of vagabonds who sleep on the footpath in the adjacent area, but there has been no theft,” Basu added. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedThe library presently has 400 books, mainly in the form of story books, comics and novels in languages like English, Bengali, Hindi and Gujrati.Principal of Vidyanjali High School Saswati Dutta, who has also contributed to the setting up of the library by gifting its wall, said “Free libraries are a fascinating platform to connect, share and exchange ideas, books and network with people.”Basu, however, said that as the stock of books increases, he will install CCTVs to keep a track on the records.last_img read more

I worked hard on my batting and bowling

first_imgAfter masterminding Rajasthan Royals’ nine-run win over Kolkata Knight Riders with an all-round show to take them into the play-offs, Shane Watson has said that he had worked hard ahead of the crunch IPL cricket game here.“I performed very well. Battingwise I am relieved. I have not scored as many runs as I wanted to, got decent sort of starts before fading away. One thing is (the advantage) of 3-4 days (break) to prepare for this crucial game. I just spent a couple of training sessions to try and get my batting to where I can strike the ball more cleanly. I had spent the last couple of days bowling yorkers too,” said Watson at the post-match press conference at the Brabourne Stadium. Also Read – Khel Ratna for Deepa and Bajrang, Arjuna for JadejaWatson fired Rajasthan to an imposing total of 199 for 6 with a dominating 59-ball innings of 104 not out, his first century in the tournament and the fourth by all batsmen, spiced with five sixes and nine fours. He then turned in a fine bowling display as well to take 2 for 38 as KKR stumbled and ended at 190 for 9 to lose the make-or-break game. “I have been working really hard on my bowling and trying to be effective in T20 cricket,” said the Australian all-rounder.last_img read more

Engine coach of empty Ispat Express derails in Howrah train services disrupted

first_imgKolkata: Train services in Howrah division was affected for more than five hours, after the engine and a coach of an empty Howrah-Titlagarh Ispat Express derailed while entering Howrah Station on Thursday morning.According to sources, the Ispat Express was entering platform number 23 of Howrah Station from the car-shed, when the train engine and an adjacent coach derailed at around 6.00 am. Entry and departure of trains from platform numbers 21, 22 & 23 of Howrah Station new complex was hit. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life”No one was injured in the accident as the empty train was coming to the station from the car-shed for commencing its journey to Titlagarh,” a South Eastern Railway (SER) spokesperson said.A number of trains under the SER were rescheduled and short terminated and a handful of local trains were cancelled as a result of the mishap.The Howrah-Puri Dhauli Express that was scheduled to leave Howrah at 6.00 am, was rescheduled to 9.30 am, while the Howrah-Titlagarh Ispat Express that was scheduled to depart at 6.55 am, was rescheduled to 10.00 am. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe trains that were short terminated were LTT-Howrah Jnaneswari Express, Mumbai-Howrah Mail, Puri-Howrah Sri Jagannath Express, Jagdalpur-Howrah Express, Purulia-Howrah Rupasi Bangla Express and Digha-Howrah Kandari Express.Two local trains were also short terminated at Santragachi, while three up and down Panskura local trains were cancelled.Santragachi-Jabalpur Special was rescheduled to leave Santragachi at 10.40 pm instead of 8.40 pm, due to late running of link train.”The work for rerailment and restoration that begun soon after the incident, was completed at 11.35 am in the morning,” a spokesperson of Eastern Railway said. Normal train service started from Howrah New Complex after 12 noon.last_img read more

IRCTC to launch semiluxury trains on desert heritage trips

first_imgIndian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation Limited is gearing up to launch two premier train services that will unveil the charm of the country’s sprawling deserts and eclectic heritage before its travellers. Both semi-luxury trains will depart from New Delhi with an array of deluxe facilities across its five days of round trip dotted with sightseeing facilities, an IRCTC release said here on Tuesday.”Desert Circuit” will cover Rajasthan’s famed cities of Jaisalmer and Jaipur, while “Heritage Circuit” will take the passengers to Varanasi, Khajuraho and Agra. Operated by IRCTC, the ‘mini ratna’ PSU of the Railways, the two trains will run eight trips individually till summer sets in upcountry by next April, it said. Desert Circuit will begin service from mid-December 2015 and wind up on April 21, while Heritage Circuit will commence on December 20. Its last trip will start on April 24. Also Read – Punjab & Sind Bank cuts MCLR by up to 20 basis points”Now that the tourist season is on, we expect good occupancy. The tariff for the journey is competitive as well as all-inclusive,” IRCTC Chairman and Managing Director Dr A K Manocha said. The package prices of Desert Circuit are: Rs 36,900, Rs 33,900, Rs 32,900 (first AC single, double and triple occupancy, respectively), Rs 28,025, Rs 25025, Rs 24,525 (second AC) and Rs 24,125, Rs 21,125, Rs 20,625 (third AC), the statement said. As for Heritage Circuit, the rates will be Rs 35,900, Rs 32,900, Rs 31,900 (first AC single, double and triple occupancy), Rs 26,200, Rs 23,200, Rs 22,700 (second AC) and Rs 21,790, Rs 18,790, Rs 18, 290 (third AC), it said. Also Read – ‘The great gold bull market has begun’The package, which includes intercity transfers, also features stay in three-star hotels, all meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner), sightseeing, local transfers by AC deluxe vehicles, entrances at the monuments, service of English/Hindi speaking guide, travel insurance, 24×7 security and CCTV surveillance on board the train, besides hygienic kitchen-car facility, medical facility, transport by AC vehicles and wi-fi internet service.The Jaisalmer stop of the Desert Circuit will cover the city Fort, sand dunes, Gadisagar lake and Palwaon Ki Haveli. At Jaipur, the sights shown will be City Palace, Jantar Mantar observatory, Chokhi Dhani, Amer Fort and Hawa Mahal, it said. The Heritage Circuit will, at Varanasi, take passengers to Sarnath, besides a boat ride on the Ganges and experiencing the dusk-time ‘aarti’ ceremony.last_img read more

State govt announces Rs 10 lakh job for heptathlon queen

first_imgDarjeeling/Kolkata: Congratulating Swapna Barman, India’s first-ever Asian Games gold medal winner in heptathlon, the Mamata Banerjee government has decided to give an award of Rs 10 lakh and a job to the athlete.The Chief Minister also had a telephonic conversation with Swapna’s mother, Basana, and state Tourism minister Goutam Deb visited her house in Ghoshpara, Kalyagunj in Jalpaiguri Sadar Block on Thursday. He handed over a bouquet of flowers and a box of sweets to her mother. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe Chief Minister tweeted: “Heartiest congratulations to @Swapna_Barman96 our heptathlon queen from India and Bangla, on winning the gold at the Asian Games. You have made us very proud.”Swapna often had a tough time finding the right competition shoes that would fit her as she was born with six toes in both feet.After visiting her house, Deb said: “Swapna has created history by fighting against such odds.”Swapna’s mother said: “The Chief Minister asked me how I felt with Swapna winning the gold. She inquired about our family. I told her that Swapna’s father, Panchanan Barman, was a van rickshaw-puller but had to give up the job as he suffered a major stroke. I too had to give up my job as a tea garden worker to look after Swapna’s bed-ridden father. The whole family runs from the meagre earnings on my son Asit, who works as a mason. The Chief Minister then said that she would definitely get in touch with me.” Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedBasana also said that she spoke to her daughter on Wednesday night and added: “She will be returning to Kolkata on September 3.”A grand welcome awaits Swapna on her return. “We will have a three-day long celebration when she returns. People will line up on both sides of the streets till her house on the day of her return,” stated Sourav Chakraborty, chairman, Siliguri Jalpaiguri Development Authority.The golden girl’s story is already part of the physical education curriculum in Class VIII in the state government schools.last_img read more

Kolkatans thwart attempts of bandh supporters to halt daily life

first_imgKolkata: Kolkatans on Wednesday foiled the 12-hour bandh called by BJP, with daily life functioning normally.The premier schools in the city, both private and those owned by the state government, recorded high attendance of students on Wednesday. The scenario was the same in the government-aided schools as well.The bandh called by BJP to protest the death of two youths at Islampur in North Dinajpur, hardly had an impact on the people in Kolkata.A senior official of a renowned private school in Central Kolkata said that their school recorded 90-95 percent attendance, just like any other normal day. The students did not face any difficulty as there was adequate number of buses on the city streets. Many students from the school, however, said that they came to school in private cars and faced no inconvenience while going to school. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeAccording to a senior official of the School Education department, all the schools operated normally and the attendance of the students in various schools was also noteworthy. A headmaster of a government-aided school in South Kolkata said that there was enthusiasm among the students.People of Bengal have shunned their old habit of sitting idle in the house during a bandh. People now-adays come forward to thwart the attempt of bandh called by any party. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedIt may be mentioned here that all the state-run medical colleges and the hospitals in the city also functioned normally, with large number of patients visiting the out-patient departments of various medical colleges.The Health department had instructed all the hospitals in the state to ensure adequate arrangement of doctors, nurses and other health workers. Hospital authorities were also asked to take precautionary measures in case of any incidents of violence in the city. BJP leaders and activists, however, created chaos in some parts of the city. They tried to terrify people and attempted to close down the shutters in various shops in Kolkata. However, the people gathered courage to thwart their attempts. The police administration also remained vigilant throughout the day.Some of the BJP-backed goons threatened to stop vehicles in some parts of the city, from the morning. As a result, people in buses engaged in heated altercations with the bandh supporters in some places. In Jorabagan area in the city, some BJP supporters were seen asking shop owners to pull their shutters down, but the shop owners remained unmoved despite the threats by the hooligans.last_img read more

Pioneer of Bengali science fiction Adrish Bardhan no more

first_imgKolkata: Adrish Bardhan, science fiction writer, translator and editor died at the age of 87 at the Nilratana Sarkar Medical College and Hospital on Monday night.He was suffering from age-related problems and admitted to the hospital where he breathed his last on Monday night. Bardhan was born in Kolkata and graduated in science from Calcutta University. He started his career as a purchase manager. He resigned from his job and started writing detective stories and science fictions. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataHis creation of detective Indranath Rudra and women detective Narayani and Professor Nut Boltu Chakra got huge popularity among the readers. Bardhan translated many English fictions and detective stories. In 1963, he edited Ascharya, the first science fiction magazine in India. Later, he was the Editor of Fantastic, another science fiction magazine. Because of his inimitable style of writing Bardhan became a popular science fiction writer. He drew the attention of Bengali readers particularly the youngsters who fell in love with his detective stories. He was one of the pioneers in the field of science fiction writing in vernacular in India. He will be remembered for many years because of his lucid language. He was associated with many science clubs. He was awarded Kishore Gyan Bigyan Puroskar and Sudhindranath Raha puroskar for his contribution in Bengali science fiction.last_img read more

Radio enthusiasts help elderly reunite with family

first_imgKolkata: An elderly man admitted at Behala Vidyasagar Hospital for the last one month was united with his family based at Jangipara in Hooghly district by the West Bengal Radio Club, (WBRC) an organization of ham radio enthusiasts in the state.The man was found aimlessly roaming on the streets a month back in a sickly condition and was admitted by Behala police to the hospital. The man recovered after a fewdays due to treatment at the hospital but was unable to tell anything about his family and his whereabouts. He could only tell that he used to live at Udaynarayanpur in Howrah. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe hospital contacted the secretary of West Bengal Radio Club Ambarish Nag Biswas and sought his help in locating the family of the elderly person. The WBRC team took his photograph at Udaynarayanpur and was informed that his family had shifted to Jangipara in Hooghly district several years back. The WBRC team with the help of the local police and local ham radio enthusiast was finally able to trace his family. His family members informed that the old man used to work at a jute mill in Shibpur, Howrah, and after the death of his wife he suffered from some sort of mental problem. He had four sons who shifted to Jangipara for pursuing tailoring business. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateThey wanted their father to stay with them but the former insisted to stay at Udaynarayanpur. Initially they were in touch with him on a regular basis but gradually due to work pressure they could not be touch with him. “It is however not clear how the old man reached Behala. He had no documents with him. The local panchayat of Kotalpur where he lived arranged for a residential certificate on the basis of Aadhar card of his younger son Mohammad Alam. Alam came to the hospital and after necessary formalities the old man was united with his family,” Nag Biswas said.last_img read more

Zuckerberg Selling Facebook Shares to Pay Off Hefty Tax Bill

first_img 1 min read December 19, 2013 Hear from Polar Explorers, ultra marathoners, authors, artists and a range of other unique personalities to better understand the traits that make excellence possible. Next time you kvetch to your accountant about how much you have to pay the IRS, think about how Mark Zuckerberg feels.The Facebook founder is exercising an option he has to buy 60 million shares, valued at $3.33 billion, in his company. But, given how little he has to pay for those shares, he is going to face big taxes on the gains.How much? Well, he has to turn around and sell 41,350,000 of those shares in a public offering, raising roughly $2.3 billion, just to pay his tax bill. Zuckerberg will get a tax break in one regard: He is donating 18 million shares, valued at roughly $1 billion, to charity. One assumes that leads to a fairly healthy deduction (though, like more and more of us, no doubt he is subject to the AMT).center_img How Success Happens Listen Nowlast_img read more

Passenger Drones Will Begin Flying Over Dubai This Summer

first_img This story originally appeared on Engadget February 14, 2017 Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now The single-rider, human-sized quadcopter that whipped CES 2016 into a frenzy could be carrying passengers as early as this summer. As the head of Dubai’s Roads and Transportation Agency announced at the World Government summit yesterday, the Chinese EHang 184 passenger drone will begin “regular operations” around the futuristic city in July of 2017.In fact, as the Associated Press reports, the EHang 184 has already been zipping around Dubai’s Burj Al-Arab skyscraper, which happens to have a helipad floating a dizzying 689 feet off the ground. “This is not only a model,” Roads and Transportation chief Mattar al-Tayer said. “We have actually experimented with this vehicle flying in Dubai’s skies.”Since al-Tayer didn’t elaborate, it’s currently unclear whether any of those flights actually carried a real person, but it sounds like the Personal Flying Vehicle’s specs have gotten some slight performance upgrades since we last saw it on the floor in Las Vegas. The AP reports the PFV now has a half-hour flight time with about 31 miles of range, but passenger capacity is still limited to one 260-pound person and single small suitcase. Since the vehicle is autonomous, the passenger only needs to punch in their destination and strap in before take-off. From there, the 184 will communicate via 4G wireless network with a control room on the ground similar to the one EHang showed Engadget late last year.While the crown jewel of the United Arab Emirates will get to claim bragging rights as the first city to unleash flying passenger drones, officials in Nevada are also seeking the FAA’s approval on the EHang 184 — so we might see EHang back at CES with a real, flying product sooner than expected. Enroll Now for Free 2 min read This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience.last_img read more

Real Estate Movies Retail VR Is Exploding The Opportunities for Entrepreneurs Are

first_img Register Now » Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals June 22, 2017 7 min readcenter_img The first time I watched an alien newborn claw its way out of a human’s belly — with blood and guts gushing — was 38 years ago, in a Boston cinema. The movie, of course, was Ridley Scott’s Alien, and I was so tense and unhinged at the uber-violent, boundary-pushing scene that I practically broke my boyfriend’s arm.Alien Covenant, the newest in the popular sci-fi franchise, is pushing boundaries again. On Wednesday, virtual reality — that wild, wacky technology — allowed me to watch a short promo for the film depicting, with 360-degree views, an alien birth from the alien’s perspective.This time, little alien arms, viewed from inside the birth sac, tore through the flesh. Internal organs rebelled. And the unfortunate human host — more blood and guts gushing — collapsed dead on a table. Eww…Related: 12 Amazing Uses of Virtual RealityThis promo, courtesy of hardware company AMD and Fox, was just one of some two dozen VR experiences available at The Art of VR conference happening today and tomorrow (June 22-23) at Sotheby’s in New York. While cinematic “storytelling” experiences certainly dominated, the enthusiastic young exhibitors and their headsets offered more than a hint of big, big opportunities ahead for entrepreneurs — creative and commercial alike — smart enough to be paying attention.”The big accounting firms are indicating that the growth rate in VR, whether it’s content creation or hardware, is probably 50 percent a year,” Jim Chabin, president of the event’s sponsoring Advanced Imaging Society, said during an interview. “My background is in television — I was at CBS and in entertainment. If you’re in the entertainment industry, let’s face it: People are cutting their cable cords; primetime television doesn’t attract the audiences it used to; there are only so many people going to the movies.”It’s not like we’re inventing more moviegoers,” he continued. “So virtual reality, augmented reality will be used in industry, will be used by medical, will be used by travel, the restaurant industry, the real estate industry, travel business and the entertainment industry.”The virtual reality industry is still small, acknowledged Chabin, a past president of the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences, vs. its rather saturated movie and TV industry forerunners. Half of the VR community, he says, are companies with five or fewer employees working on their debut VR offerings.”The number of people working in VR and AR, we think, will double every year at least,” he said. “We think it’s a 10-year build-out for this industry. So if that’s an area to which you devote your efforts, you have a decade of solid growth [ahead].”Chabin’s message — of entrepreneurs not being “left behind,” of the terms “virtual reality” and “augmented reality” coming up more and more in client conversations, of opportunities galore — was echoed by the entrepreneurs demonstrating their VR wares at the event.Kevin Mack, a past Oscar winner for visual effects (What Dreams May Come, 1998) and, more recently, the founder of the VR art company Zen Parade, described his 2-and-a-half-year-old company as equal parts art and commerce. “I’m interested in aesthetics but also altering consciousness in positive ways,” Mack said. “What I make is both fine art and entertainment, but we’re also using it for therapy and medicine.”Related: Virtual Reality Is About to Change Your BusinessMack’s 3D sculptures — viewed via a headset and resembling shiny globs of acrylic paint on canvas, floating in space in a kind of spacious airy world — are almost a meditative experience. According to Mack, his art has been used as a hypno-analgesic to treat pain and anxiety for patients undergoing awake brain surgery, and it’s more effective than traditional applications, he says.That’s why he’s aiming to get drug companies and medical companies on board. “We’re finding our biggest opportunities for the near future are going to be location-based entertainment arcades as well as the medical industry,” Mack said.Those arcades came up by others such as Larry Jones, CEO of Blackthorn Media, whose Dragonflight VR experience had people lining up at a press briefing to “fly” on a dragon’s back, a la Game of Thrones’s Khaleesi. Jones spoke of the franchise company VR Junkies, whose franchisees are setting up quick and relatively cheap storefronts.”Where the market is right now is about games,” Jones said. But movie-style storytelling, he said, is coming on the VR scene more and more. That’s how his 2-year-old company has attracted six Academy Award nominees (and one winner). “We’re taking the imagery and expertise you have with something like [the movie] Life of Pi and putting it into a game,” he said. “It’s kind of like crazy. Crazy good.”The Virtual Reality Company (VRC) also has attracted some high-powered interest. “We have an advisor who’s a really well-known filmmaker,” CEO Guy Primus divulged: “Steven Spielberg.”VRC’s website contains stills from its Art of VR offering, Rukus, a 12-minute family friendly animated VR experience, in which two preteens and their dog travel to a world populated by dinosaurs. Viewers have an extra experience here: Their chairs rumble and vibrate according to the action on the screen. Those motion seats come via the Montreal company D-box (whose vice president, Richard LaBerge, pointed out, “The body has to participate to make it a real virtual reality”). Primus said that 3-year-old VRC is following a theatrical model, where Rukus and other short VR films are being offered, in a premium experience, in theaters for a short time, followed by home release for Sony PlayStation, Oculus VR and other devices. Also coming down the line is a “warehouse” model, where multiple people interact with VR through arcades and popular outlets such as Chuck E. Cheese restaurants.Related: 7 New Opportunities Virtual Reality May CreateThe VR industry is young, it’s entrepreneurial and it’s hot, Primus and other exhibitors at the conference said over and over. They described, among its many applications, VR for real estate home buyers, oil rig fire-prevention training and retail purchases (which Amazon is already incorporating).Not surprisingly, large companies as well as small ones are at the Art of VR event: USA Today showed off its VR offering, an F-18 jet launch off the USS Eisenhower, while Intel — in association with Positron — presented a prelude to its VR movie Le Musk.”For me, as an entrepreneur trying to take the next step, the next media, it’s about VR,” said Jones, the Blackthorn CEO. “There is an industry thirsty for great content, vs. an industry saturated by great content. It’s not about managing decline [like] in digital television and television, where the audience is spread out so far. VR is about managing growth.”And it’s all about growth.” Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right.last_img read more

New Technology Doesnt Kill Companies Oblivious Leadership That Wont Adapt Kills Companies

first_imgNovember 28, 2017 It’s easy to laugh at the companies of days gone by — makers of buggy whips or VCRs, or even Blockbuster. The leaders in those industries didn’t see the demise of their industries coming. But with automation on the horizon, countless more industries could soon find themselves on the chopping block, too, if they are not prepared.Researchers working with support from the Engineering Sciences Department at Oxford University determined that about half of today’s jobs could be long-gone in a few years, succumbing to new inventions. The smartphone you use to make deals and the social networks you rely upon to distribute top-quality content have the power to destroy your livelihood.Related: There’s a Lot More to AI Than Just ChatbotsWorried? Don’t be. Like fire, technology can be both friend and foe. Make sure it’s the former, and you’ll be fine; look the other way, and you could fade into obscurity.Get the upper hand by leaning in.You don’t want to sidestep technology in favor of the “good old days.” At the same time, you shouldn’t feel like you’re at its mercy.The trick is to lean into technology rather than become consumed with fear, like forward-minded entrepreneurs in specific industries who love, not loathe, technological advances. Consider real estate. Millennials are snatching up homes, comprising more than a third of buyers, according to the National Association of Realtors. But millennials go about home searches differently than past generations.Most millennials, as well as Gen Xers, use agents, but they supplement the agent experience with internet-based perusing and remote “visiting.” Instead of heading to afternoon open houses, millennials tour homes from the comfort of their devices. Is it any wonder that Oxford University’s finest believe artificial intelligence will replace 97 percent of in-person buyer-broker realtor experiences?Yet smart property managers and residential construction companies aren’t wringing their hands; they’re partnering with brokerage firms such as Marketplace Homes that offer high-tech solutions. Consequently, we aren’t reading those firms’ obits; we’re hearing about their buyer-friendly offerings that make discovering the perfect house a breeze.Related: Here’s Is a Strategy For Making Yourself Irreplaceable Before Artificial Intelligence Learns to do Your JobSet yourself up for fabulous reviews, not a sorry epitaph.Ready to ditch the panic and shift to a tech future? Whether you represent real estate, transportation, retail or manufacturing, you can use four strategies to stay relevant:1. Get knee-deep in demographics. It’s time for you to get down and dirty and really investigate the demographics of your target audiences. Find out what they want, what they need, where they’re getting assistance and how you can help them.By creating a psychographic chart for each of your prospective consumers, you can get a truer view of their personalities, attitudes, lifestyles, interests and so much more. Then, you can use this outline to make wiser predictions about their buying behaviors.Companies such as TeleTech are innovators that connect companies with tools focused on technology-enhanced customer engagement. The more streamlined your process is, the less likely it is that a “closed for business” sign will be inevitable.2. Offset everyday reality with virtual reality. In an era when behemoths such as Amazon, Kelly Services and American Express offer employees telecommuting options, location matters less and less. Although some types of businesses need brick-and-mortar spaces, work can often take place entirely in cyberspace.Could certain jobs in your company be handled remotely, maybe on a part-time or as-needed basis? Could you use this type of improved mobility to woo top talent and build stronger relationships between your company and customers? Look at what your biggest competitors are already doing in these arenas, and contemplate following suit.3. Be ready to adapt if a robot takes your place. Let’s be honest. Is it inevitable that your role will be replaced by technology at some point? As a business owner, you must accept that more jobs are being taken over by machines. Just check out the kiosks in McDonald’s that accept orders; you can conveniently order a Big Mac without interfacing with humans. And Uber? It’s testing driverless vehicles, disrupting transportation and shipping.Think you know that tools out there may one day replace you or the people you employ? Improve and enhance your skill set, as well as those of your key workers. Then, you can make the transition to a different role without feeling like you’ve been upended.4. Push aside the fears and don your Holmesian cap. Don’t allow yourself to focus on the question “Why me?” when “Why not?” is staring you in the face. Rather than see emerging technology as a fierce opponent, look at it as the beginning of a great problem-solving opportunity.Related: Artificial Intelligence May Reflect the Unfair World We Live inFor example, customers in your field might be madder than heck because they aren’t getting the service they deserve. Could you utilize gadgets, software, data or other tech solutions to turn your business into the superhero everyone wishes would save them? When many airlines were involved in nightmares, Southwest Airlines used the crisis to promote itself as the “friendly skies” oasis. It worked, and it gained share and accolades.Machinery. Automation. Tech. Call it what you will, but advancements have always edged out antiquated ways of doing things. The more optimistic you are in the face of big changes, the more apt you’ll be to ride into the future securely, no buggy whip necessary. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. 5 min read Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right. Register Now »last_img read more

Oil Shale Market New Business Opportunities with Top Key Players American

first_imgOil shale Oil shale is an organic-rich finely grained structure containing organic chemical compounds. It is a bituminous material containing kerogen in solid form, which liberates liquid hydrocarbons during heating of rocks through a chemical process such as pyrolysis. Oil shale is mined and processed to produce oil, which has similar properties to conventional oil pumped from oil reservoirs, and thus, it is considered as a substitute for crude oil. The deposit of oil shale is found in various regions, but large shale oil deposits are found in the U.S. and Russia.  The global oil shale market was valued at $1,609 million in 2017, and is projected to reach $5,636 million by 2025, growing at a CAGR of 16.7% from 2018 to 2025.Get Sample Copy of this Report @ drivers acknowledged for the global oil shale market include increase in depletion of sources of crude oil reserves and benefits of oil shale such as reduction in energy dependence and oil prices. However, high cost of equipment, mining, and processing technology has increased the cost of retorting oil from oil shale, and this factor is expected to impede the market growth. On the contrary, development in drilling technology has increased the production of the oil shale fields, which will offer future growth opportunities to the market.The oil shale market is segmented based on product type, process, application, and country. Based on product type, the market is segmented into oil, gas, coke, and others. By process, it is bifurcated into in-situ technology and ex-situ technology. Based on application, the market is divided into electricity, fuel, cement, and others. The market is analyzed based on country into the U.S., Estonia, Russia, China, and Brazil.The major key players in the oil shale market include AFSK HOM TOV, American Resource Petroleum Corp., American Shale Oil Corp. (AMSO), Aurasource, Inc., Blue Ensign Technologies Ltd., Chattanooga Corp., Chevron Shale Oil Company, Eesti Põlevkivi, Electro-Petroleum, Inc., and Exxon Mobil Corp. Other companies in the value chain (not included in the report) include Petrobras, Fushun Mining Group, and Mountain West Energy, LLC.Key Benefits for Oil Shale Market :This report entails a detailed quantitative analysis of the current market trends from 2017 to 2025 to identify the prevailing opportunities along with strategic assessment of the global oil shale market.The market size and estimations are based on comprehensive analysis of the end users, developments, and services in the industry.An in-depth analysis based on region assists to understand the regional market and facilitate the strategic business planning.The development strategies adopted by the key market players are enlisted to understand the competitive scenario of the market.Get a discount on this research report @ of Content:CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION1.1. Report description1.2. Key benefits for stakeholders1.3. Key market segments1.3.1. List of key players profiled in the report1.4. Research methodology1.4.1. Secondary research1.4.2. Primary research1.4.3. Analyst tools and modelsCHAPTER 2: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY2.1. Key findings of the study2.1.1. CXO perspectiveCHAPTER 3: MARKET OVERVIEW3.1. Market definition and scope3.2. Key findings3.2.1. Top investment pockets3.2.2. Top winning strategies3.3. Porter’s Five Forces Analysis3.3.1. Bargaining power of suppliers3.3.2. Bargaining power of buyer3.3.3. Thereat of new entrants3.3.4. Threat of substitute3.3.5. Intensity of competitive rivalry3.4. Top Player Positioning, 20173.5. Market dynamics3.5.1. Drivers3.5.1.1. Growing demand for energy worldwide3.5.1.2. Growing depletion of crude oil reserves3.5.2. Restraint3.5.2.1. High cost of equipment, mining, and processing technology3.5.3. Opportunity3.5.3.1. Development in drilling technologyCHAPTER 4: GLOBAL OIL SHALE MARKET, BY PRODUCT TYPE4.1. Overview4.1.1. Market size and forecast4.2. Oil4.2.1. Key Market Trends, Growth factors and opportunities4.2.2. Market size and forecast4.3. Gas4.3.1. Key Market trends, growth factors and opportunities4.3.2. Market size and forecastAbout Us:Big Market Research has a range of research reports from various publishers across the world. Our database of reports of various market categories and sub-categories would help to find the exact report you may be looking for.We are instrumental in providing quantitative and qualitative insights on your area of interest by bringing reports from various publishers at one place to save your time and money. A lot of organizations across the world are gaining profits and great benefits from information gained through reports sourced by us.Contact us:5933 NE Win Sivers Drive, #205, Portland,OR 97220 United StatesDirect: +1-971-202-1575Toll Free: +1-800-910-6452E-mail help@bigmarketresearch.comlast_img read more