Researchers compared data from two studies, each with more than 7,500 participants aged 65 and older from Cambridgeshire, Newcastle and Nottingham, which were conducted in 1991 and 2011. Professor Carol Jagger, lead author from Newcastle University, said: “Our study suggests that older people today are spending more of their remaining life with care needs.”This finding, along with the increasing number of older adults with higher rates of illness and disability, is contributing to the current social care crisis.” The researchers found that those in most need were far less likely to be living in care home than used to be the case.The percentage of adults aged 85 who required help round the clock who were living in a care home fell from 73.5 per cent to 51.8 per cent over the period.In a linked editorial, Sir Andrew, from the University of Oxford, said the projections “demand attention and action”.”Expenditure on the care of older people will need to increase substantially and quickly.” A Department of Health spokesman said: “High quality care isn’t just about care home beds – 61 per cent of people are cared for in their own home and since 2010 there has been a growth in home care agencies of more than 2,900. Delayed discharges are adding to problems in hospitals Credit:Peter Byrne/PA Sir Andrew Dilnot, who led a report on reform of elderly care, last night said the research showed an urgent need for a substantial investment in services, with too many pensioners were left living in fear that the costs would overwhelm them.The research led by Newcastle University said almost 190,000 new care home places will be needed by 2035 to accommodate soaring demand.The study found that gains in life expectancy mean people are spending longer living with higher levels of frailty. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. High staff turnover mean many don’t get to know the residentsCredit:John Stillwell/PA “We’ve given local authorities in England an extra £2 billion boost over the next three years to maintain access for our growing ageing population and to put the social caresector on a sustainable footing for the future.” More than 70,000 extra care home places will be needed by 2025, with pensioners now spending twice as long living without independence, a Lancet study suggests.Women over the age of 65 can now expect to spend the last three years of their lives in a care home, or receiving help several times daily, the research shows. Two decades ago, they could expect to spend the last 18 months of their lives in need of such help.And the average man will receive such care for the last two and a half years of his life – when 20 years earlier, they could expect to spend just over a year in need of such assistance.