How Man Utd will line up against Tottenham with McTominay and Matic in contention

first_imgMANCHESTER UNITED welcome Tottenham to Old Trafford on Wednesday as United look to bounce back from a disappointing 2-2 draw with Aston Villa at the weekend.Ole Gunnar Solskjaer’s team are floundering in ninth but could welcome Scott McTominay and Nemanja Matic back to their injury ravaged midfield as Jose Mourinho returns to Old Trafford for the first time since his United sacking in December 2018.3 How Man Utd could lineup vs TottenhamPaul Pogba is still out having been abroad recovering from an ankle injury and Solskjaer was disappointed to have to talk about injuries again.He said: “You know I don’t want to talk about these injuries we’ve had, but of course when you get Scott back, when you get Paul back… we have been light in midfield because we had Scott and Nemanja and Paul out for such a long time and that’s affected us.”Scott and Nemanja are touch-and-go, so let’s get this [Tuesday’s] training session out of the way.3″We’ve got more games than this one, so I can’t just look at one game. We’ve got to look at the long term.”We will give the players a training session today and see how they are, everyone.”Of course, Sunday is also still in people’s heads so it is not going to be a hard session, but we will have a good team out.”We have the facilities and people behind the scenes working really hard to get players fit.”MOST READ IN FOOTBALLTHROUGH ITRobbie Keane reveals Claudine’s father was ’50-50′ in coronavirus battleTOP SELLERGavin Whelan has gone from League of Ireland to David Beckham’s InstagramExclusiveRIYAD RAIDMan City’s Riyad Mahrez has three luxury watches stolen in £500,000 raidPicturedAN EYEFULMeet Playboy model and football agent Anamaria Prodan bidding to buy her own clubI SAW ROORodallega saw Rooney ‘drinking like madman’ & Gerrard ‘on bar dancing shirtless’NEXT STEPJonny Hayes set to move to English Championship having been let go by CelticREF RELEASEDChampions League ref Vincic released by cops after arrest in prostitution raidKEANE DEALEx Man United youth ace David Jones says Roy Keane negotiated a contract for himIf McTominay is fit for the Spurs clash after his ankle injury, he will likely slot in alongside Fred at the base of midfield with Andreas Pereira pushing forward to take Juan Mata’s number 10 role.However, Solskjaer could really shake things up and throw both players back into the fold in an alternate XI.There is also a chance the misfiring Anthony Martial could be benched giving youngster Mason Greenwood a chance to shine in the Prem.3Jose Mourinho says Manchester United is in his history book as Spurs prepare to take on the Red Devilslast_img read more

MOE Ebola Awareness Left Out Several Communities in Nimba

first_imgThe recent Ebola awareness campaign launched by the Ministry of Education in Nimba County is said to have left out several communities along the Liberian border with Ivory Coast something many chiefs and community dwellers feel marginalized.More than 10 communities were known to have been left out in the entire process according to reports reaching the Daily Observer in Nimba County.The and villages where the Ebola awareness couldn’t reach are located in the  Nimkwai and the Beo Chiefdoms as well as other towns along the border with Guinea.“Josiah De-Gbon, Zone Chief of Glarlay, “we don’t know why our communities were left out in the Ebola Awareness exercise that is been conducted by the Ministry of Education, Nimba branch.”“The recruitment for the training left out all our teachers from this community and we cannot understand those that were send to us,” he added.In mid – October 2014 the Ministry of Education with funding from the United Nations Children Education Funds/UNICEF conducted series of EVD awareness workshops across  Nimba for education authorities including district education officers, principals and among other from both public and private schools in Nimba so as to be able to disseminate the information within their area of assignments, but this recruitment appears to have left out many principals and their communities  making it them to feel marginalized.The actual compensation for each participants is yet to be established, but unconfirmed report reaching the Daily Observer suggest that upon the close of the exercise each participant will received the sum of US$ 200.A teacher who does not want to be named because of fear of his job said, “because of the compensation being so heavy, our bosses recruited their relatives outside of the community and trained them to carry on the awareness.”“We who with community as teachers and doing nothing at this Ebola crisis were left out in the whole exercise,” said another teacher.When contacted via mobile phone at about 2pm local time on 3rd December 2014, the County Education Officer of Nimba County, Mr. Wleh Sillah said they didn’t marginalized any school, but school that was not part of this present phase will be covered in the next phase.On the local radio recently, a teacher from the Beo Chiefdom complained of their area being left out in the entire EVD awareness exercise.Since the Ebola outbreak many communities in Nimba, especially around the border with Ivory Coast are yet to understand more about Ebola, because those who take the message to them are of different background.During the heat of the Ebola, a community around the Gblarlay Township refused to accept any preventive materials from some philanthropists accused them of trying to poison their water, all because there were no citizens from within that community was part of the team.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

‘Adaptable’ Man United rookies impress Van Gaal

first_imgManchester United manager Louis van Gaal was left to hail the efforts of the club’s inexperienced youngsters following a surprise 2-1 victory over Arsenal at the Emirates Stadium.Many were expecting a walkover from the Gunners when the Dutch boss named a make-shift back-three for the trip to north-London, with England defender Chris Smalling joined by rookie defenders Tyler Blackett and Paddy McNair.But the raw trio, along with wing-backs Antonia Valencia and fellow starlet Luke Shaw, held firm against the home side as their partnership grew stronger as the game progressed.The game was won thanks to a Kieran Gibbs own-goal and Wayne Rooney’s strike, with United looking impressively dangerous on the break, though Van Gaal did receive a blow early in the first-half when Shaw was forced off with injury to add another player to the club’s ever-lengthening injury list.And while his replacement, an Ashley Young short of match-fitness, put in a decent shift, the former Barcelona and Bayern Munich coach is looking forward to the return of a handful of his sidelined stars.“First I hope the players are coming back from injuries because it’s unbelievably difficult to create the consistency in the team – because I have to change my line-up every week,” said Van Gaal.“Maybe you don’t know but I am a coach who always has the same line-up, maybe I change one or two. But not constantly so many players.“I have also changed the formation. It is not always good to create optimism in the team.“Shaw has to play. Then he is coming back from the international break with the English national team and he is not fit enough. We make him fit.“Then he is injured with another injury. Ankle. You have seen that. Then I have to give Young a game, but Young is not fit enough to play 90 minutes.“I think the players have done fantastic, though. Blackett, McNair and Luke Shaw – how old are they?“You play against a top team like Arsenal and they are always changing position, so you need a lot of communication. I think that is pretty good.”Despite the gritty victory, Van Gaal believes there is still plenty of room for improvement from his side, who leapfrogged Arsenal and climbed into the Champions League places with their first away win of the season.“I was not pleased with the way we have played in the first half,” he added.“The first 35 minutes we gave the ball away so easily that it’s not possible for a top team. Because of that, Arsenal created a lot of chances.“Fortunately we have a very good goalkeeper and after the first 35 minutes you saw that we are coming back in the game and created a few possibilities.”“I told them at half-time that when we keep the ball, when we show confidence, then we shall create many chances.“We created at least three big chances. Di Maria could finish the game also.“But also two times the pass was easy to give to Di Maria and Wayne Rooney and the pass was not right.“That was not a difficult pass in my opinion so we have to improve that. I am very happy, of course.”last_img read more


first_imgThis is Kathryn Holligan who has not been seen since leaving her home in Co Kildare earlier this week and is believed to be in the North West.Kathryn, from Chanterland, Athy was last seen leaving her home at around 9.00pm on Wednesday.There was a reported sighting of the 17-year-old in Derry on Thursday afternoon when it was reported she was in the company of a boy. Kathryn is described as 5ft 2” in height, with long brown hair and blue eyes.It is not known what Kathryn was wearing at the time of her disappearance.The boy she was spotted in Derry with has been described as in his late teens.Gardai are liaising with the PSNI and ask anyone with  information to contact Athy Garda Station on 059 – 8634210 or the Garda Confidential Line 1800 666 111 or their nearest PSNI station.  MISSING TEENAGE GIRL BELIEVED TO BE IN NORTH WEST was last modified: February 16th, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:DerryDonega;donegalKathryn Holliganmissinglast_img read more

Juventus at home to lowly Cagliari as Serie A enters week 11

first_imgBet on the Serie A @ Bunga BetNapoli vs EmpoliStadio San Paolo, NapoliFriday, 02-11-2018 @10:30pmThe pressure is on Napoli after falling six points behind Juventus and they host an Empoli side without a win since the opening weekend. Carlo Ancelotti’s side left it late in last weekend’s big Derby Del Sole home match with Roma to earn a draw.Ancelotti will more than likely use this game to rotate in some of his squad players while thinking ahead to Tuesday night’s big Champions League tie at home with PSG. Lorenzo Insigne, who was carrying a knock in that match last weekend, could be rested in this one alongside captain Marek Hamsik. Algerian full-back Faouzi Ghoulam has returned to the squad after his year-long injury woes, but is unlikely to be risked in this one and will instead be eased back into the side after the next international break. He is joined on the comeback trail by goalkeeper Alex Meret, Sebastiano Luperto and Adam Ounas. Simone Verdi is out for a few more weeks, while Romanian center-back Vlad Chiriches and German Amin Younes are long-term injury absentees.Empoli, on the other hand, threw away a 1-0 lead to concede to second half goals and eventually lose 2-1 at home to Juventus. The Tuscans are winless in their last nine Serie A games going back to an opening day win at home to Cagliari and have only picked up points in draws with Frosinone, Milan and Chievo since. Coach Aurelio Andreazzoli will be without the services of defender Lorenzo Polvani, who is out for the season, and forwards Levan Mchedlidze and Alejandro Rodriguez. Midfielder Lorenzo Lollo faces a late fitness test.Napoli have won their last three league meetings both home and away against their visitors, scoring 10 times. Empoli have won just once in their last seven games at the San Paolo, a 3-1 victory back in February 2008.Inter Milan vs GenoaStadio Giuseppe Meaza, Milan Saturday, 03-11-2018 @05:00pmInter demolished Lazio to catch Napoli in second place and welcome a Genoa side who lost in this stadium in stoppages midweek. Following their 3-0 win away to Lazio, the Nerazzurri set out their stall as Scudetto contenders. This Saturday, they’ll play a tough Genoa side who are in a bad place after Wednesday, having lost their rescheduled Week 1 fixture with Milan only to a last-gasp Alessio Romagnoli volley.Inter are in the midst of a six-game winning streak since their last loss to Parma back in September. Also, Mauro Icardi continued his hot streak by bagging two goals at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome, putting the Argentine striker at six goals in Serie A (five of which have come in his last three matches). Radja Nainggolan remains the only notable injury in Luciano Spalletti’s side, however, there is hope within the Inter camp that the Ninja could be available for the match against Genoa.Unlike Inter, Genoa have hit a bit of a stumbling block as of late. They have not won a game in a month, and Polish striker Krzysztof Piatek is without a goal in his last three after scoring in every match up until the Juventus Stadium. However, their draw at Juve shows that the Rossoblu can cause problems for the league’s top sides. Also, with Piatek leading the charge, we could very well see an upset at San Siro this Saturday.Genoa have lost their last five visits to Inter, scoring one goal and conceding nine.Fiorentina vs RomaStadio Artemio Franchi, FlorenceSaturday, 03-11-2018 @08:00pmFiorentina and Roma are locked together on 15 points after recording four wins, four draws and three defeats each from their 10 Serie A fixtures. The Viola have suffered from a slump in form in recent weeks, collecting just one win from their last five. Stefano Pioli’s team will be pleased to see the back of October and will be hoping that a new month will bring about a different set of results. They are undefeated at home so far this season. Only a recent draw against Cagliari prevented them from making it six consecutive wins at the Artemio Franchi, where they have conceded just twice and kept four clean sheets. Coach Pioli has no fresh injury concerns for this match, but has chosen to tinker with his attacking options in recent weeks in search of a winning formula. Giovanni Simeone scored in both games against Roma last season and that could see his boss reinstate him to the starting XI for this week’s game after he was surprisingly dropped due to poor form.Recent speculation sparked rumours that Roma Coach Eusebio Di Francesco has been fighting for his job. Feeling the pressure due to an underwhelming start to the Serie A campaign, Roma did pick up a credible draw at Napoli last week and were within minutes of securing a victory. The capital outfit have a number of injury concerns ahead of their trip to Florence. Diego Perotti, Justin Kluivert, Rick Karsdrop and Javier Pastore are all likely to be missing again, while Kostas Manolas and influential captain Daniele De Rossi picked up injuries during last Sunday’s game in Naples. As results of those latest injuries, Di Francesco will be forced to make changes to his starting XI, with Federico Fazio and Bryan Cristante ready to deputise for Manolas and De Rossi.Roma have a strong record on the road in Serie A, losing just three of their last 31 matches away from the Eternal City, including a 4-2 success in Tuscany. However, Fiorentina will be in no mood to surrender their undefeated home record. Only one of the last 14 Serie A games between Fiorentina and Roma ended in a draw (1-1 in January 2015). In that time, the Viola have won on four occasions with the Giallorossi winning nine.Juventus vs CagliariAllianz Satdium, TorinoSaturday, 03-13-2018 @10:45pmJuventus host Cagliari in Saturday’s late game as they aim to create a bigger lead at the top of the Serie A table. La Vecchia Signora have had an unsurprisingly fantastic start to the season, as the only two points they dropped were against Genoa a fortnight ago. Cristiano Ronaldo has arguably been one of the league’s most influential players with seven goals and four assists so far in a Bianconeri shirt. He along with Milan’s Suso have been involved in 11 goals this season each, as Ronaldo is on the search for another record-breaking year. Juve could potentially rest some players in this match, as they have a Champions League clash against Manchester United at the Allianz Juventus Stadium next Wednesday. Regardless, they almost have a full-strength squad to choose from, with Emre Can their only absentee.Meanwhile, Cagliari have surprised many this season so far. They have only lost once in their last five games – a 2-0 defeat away to Inter – while last Sunday they defeated Chievo 2-1 thanks to goals from Leonardo Pavoletti and Lucas Castro. The former has been in ripping form for the Sardinians, with five goals and one assist in his eight starts. Rolando Maran, as opposed to Allegri, has a growing injury list. Ragnar Klavan, Diego Farias, Charalambos Lykogiannis and Marko Pajac are out for the visitors.It will be interesting to see Max Allegri’s approach to the match, as so far the Rossoblu have held Fiorentina and Milan to draws.Since a 2-0 home win in November 2009, Cagliari have managed only three 1-1 draws in 15 Serie A meetings with Juventus. The last victory in Turin was 3-2 in January 2009, but curiously all three stalemates were away fixtures.Lazio vs SPALStadio Olympico, Rome Sunday, 04-11-2018 @02:30pmLazio host SPAL this weekend, with both sides looking to avenge disappointing defeats and resume their earlier impressive form. The Aquile were outplayed, out muscled and out thought by Inter on Monday evening in the 3-0 home defeat and will be looking to return to winning ways here against a struggling SPAL side.The visitors travel to the Capital in the early kick-off on Sunday on the back of a home defeat to the previously winless Frosinone. The manner of the loss was almost as bad as the result, in which SPAL equalled their heaviest defeat of the season, 3-0, in front of their own fans. SPAL had made a strong start to the new campaign with four wins from their opening six games, if you include the Coppa Italia victory against Spezia. However, they have now lost four of their last five and have slipped down to 15th in the league. They are the joint lowest scorers in Serie A, with just eight goals in their opening 10 games, outlining their main weakness. Having said that, their defensive record is not too bad, with only 13 goals leaked, which is the same amount as Roma and just one more than Lazio. They were victorious in their last away match, which did happen to be in the same stadium as they will be in this weekend, when they beat Roma 2-0. They will still be confident, despite recent form, that they can gain a positive result.Lazio will feel that this game is a real chance to get back to winning ways after the loss to Inter and they will be hoping for a similar result to the one they enjoyed in the away match to SPAL last season, in which Ciro Immobile scored four in a 5-2 win.Both sides play with a back three, but you can expect SPAL to line-up with a near enough back five for the majority of the game. The midfield will be quite congested, and it will be up to Lazio to use their quality in the final third to break this SPAL side down. Having said that, the likes of Joaquin Correa and Sergej Milinkovic-Savic should be able to create the plays in which to provide Immobile with chances, which with his form, we can expect him to take.We could well see a family reunion, because Sergej Milinkovic-Savic can line up against his younger brother Vanja. The SPAL goalkeeper returns from suspension, having been sent off in the win over Roma at the Olimpico.SPAL have only ever won one Serie A trip to Lazio, along with six draws and seven defeats. That was a 2-1 result in March 1957.Chievo vs SassouloStadio Marc’Antonio Bentegodi, Verona  Sunday, 04-11-2018 @05:00pmMany expected this to be a relegation tussle, but 10 rounds in and Sassuolo are comfortable with Chievo rock bottom. Chievo’s season didn’t get off to the best of starts after a three-point deduction before they’d kicked a ball. However, 10 games in and they haven’t even made up their lost ground. The task on Gian Piero Ventura’s hands is nothing short of huge. His team are already 10 points off safety, haven’t won a game, scored the joint least goals and conceded the most in Serie A.The mood around Sassuolo couldn’t be more different. Roberto De Zerbi’s team currently reside in eighth place in Serie A, a mere three points off the Champions League spots. As each matchday passes, it’s finally beginning to feel like this team is fulfilling their potential. Some cause for pessimism is that Sassuolo’s away form ranks 13th in the league, with five points from five games. Despite being the away side, you can expect the Neroverdi to dominate proceedings, as De Zerbi’s men enjoy the lion’s share as possession, whereas Chievo rank last for possession in Serie A. It’s tough to imagine the worst defence in Italy’s top flight being able to hold off Domenico Berardi, Kevin Prince-Boateng and Federico Di Francesco for 90 minutes, but at this point Chievo need some miracles.In terms of team news, Riccardo Meggiorini is an injury doubt for Chievo, as are Valter Birsa and Nigerian midfielder Joel Obi, but they are expected to push through and start. Serbian defender Nenad Tomovic should miss the game entirely through injury.It’s a similar story for Sassuolo, as midfielders Manuel Locatelli and Alfred Duncan are expected to fail late fitness tests to start, but may yet still make the bench.Sassuolo haven’t beaten Chievo since a 1-0 home result in April 2015, managing just four draws and two defeats.Parma vs FrosinoneStadio Ennio Tardini, ParmaSunday, 04-11-2018 @05:00pmParma were hammered away to Atalanta last weekend, but can they pick things up when they meet Frosinone on Sunday? These two sides were promoted from Serie B last season, but they’re having very different experiences in the top flight. The hosts are hoping to bounce back from Saturday’s 3-0 loss to la Dea, while the visitors are coming off a first win of the campaign.Parma are in 13th place in the table, and they’ve managed to open up a seven-point lead over the bottom three. Their brilliant rise up the ranks back to the top flight has been astonishing, and they already look at home back at the highest level of Italian football. They’re the only newly promoted side who are not in the bottom three after the first 10 games of the season. They’ve established themselves in the middle of the pack in Serie A, as they’re just three points shy of the top six.Parma are bucking a trend in Serie A, as recent years have seen promoted sides spend the campaign at the bottom of the table. Last term Benevento were stuck in last place all season, while Hellas Verona and SPAL were in and around the bottom three all the way through. Parma are riding high, but Frosinone are second from bottom in the table, having lost seven of their first eight matches since gaining promotion. However, they have started to turn things around, and their aim this weekend will be to keep up their recent strong form.Frosinone drew 3-3 against fellow promoted side Empoli, while they followed that up with a crushing 3-0 victory over SPAL – the only one of last season’s promoted sides to beat the drop. With six goals in two games, their scoring form has improved. That came after they scored just three times in their opening eight. With more of a punch up front, the visitors are starting to get results.Parma won the reverse fixture 2-0 last season.Sampdoria vs TorinoStadio Comunale Luigi Ferraris, GenoaSunday, 04-11-2018 @05:00pmBoth Sampdoria and Torino will be under pressure after poor recent results as the battle for European football hots up. Samp have slid down the rankings after failing to win their last two games and given how tight things are in the table, they could tumble further down if they fail to win against Torino. The Granata are unbeaten in their last five games coming into this match but have just picked up just two points from their last two matches. The Blucerchiati, meanwhile, have picked up just one point.Sampdoria come into this game having lost 3-2 to Milan on the road. Whilst their away form has not been as dodgy so far as it was last season, it has not been the strongest, either. Meanwhile, they were frustrated to draw 0-0 at home with Sassuolo, dropping two valuable points, and this could really come back to haunt them as they chase a European football berth. Last campaign, Marco Giampaolo’s side started off excellently and looked like definite contenders for the Europa League, but tailed off horribly near the end and barely ended up finishing in the top half of the table.Meanwhile, visiting side Torino earned a 1-1 draw with Fiorentina in their last tie, but will have to make do without Coach Walter Mazzarri, who is due to serve a touchline ban after being sent to the stands. Like Sampdoria, Torino are also eager to qualify for European football after missing out last term and are part of that crop of sides who are all jostling to dislodge the likes of Fiorentina who presently occupy that coveted sixth-placed spot.However, just like last season, draws are costing the Granata once again, who so far have dropped points against Bologna and struggling Atalanta recently, and were very fortunate not to be embarrassed against relegation candidates Frosinone as they narrowly hung on for a 3-2 victory.Walter Mazzarri is currently unbeaten in his last eight meetings against old club Sampdoria, winning five and drawing three.Bologna vs AtalantaStadio Renato Dall’Ara, Bologna Sunday, 04-11-2018 @08:00pmAtalanta are back with a bang after two straight victories and will be out for another three points at stuttering Bologna. After surrendering a 2-1 lead away to Sassuolo to earn a point last week, Bologna will be hoping to make things right when they return to the Stadio Renato Dall’Ara. Bologna are 17th in the league rung with a nine-point tally, which is three above the drop zone. Filippo Inzaghi’s side have played a pair of two consecutive 2-2 draws with Torino and Sassuolo, so once the goal-scoring problem subsided, they burst their banks at the back too.Things are looking up for Atalanta after demolition jobs on Chievo (5-1) and Parma (3-0). At last, Gian Piero Gasperini’s men seem to have put the trauma of Europa League elimination behind them and are playing more like the old Dea. It’s probably no coincidence this upturn of form came with the return to full fitness of Josip Ilicic, who spent most of the summer battling a lymph node infection.Buoyed by their handsome record against Bologna, Gasperini will be reasonably confident of another victory over Inzaghi’s side. Andrea Masiello and Marco Tumminello remain long-term absentees, while the hosts are without Ladislav Krejci, Federico Mattiello and possibly also defender Danilo.Atalanta have their last five Serie A meetings with Bologna, home and away, with four clean sheets.Udinese vs AC MilanDacia Arena, Udine Sunday, 04-11-2018 @10:30pmMilan rescued a last-gasp midweek win over Genoa, but face a decidedly tougher prospect in Udinese, especially with injury concerns piling up. Although they sit fourth in the Serie A table and in the final Champions League spot, there are still rumours that Gennaro Gattuso could be on his way out of the club and replaced by Antonio Conte. The midweek victory at home against Genoa will have bought him some time, even if it took a last-minute freak Alessio Romagnoli goal to take all three points. So, if Milan won in midweek and sit in the Champions League places, what’s the problem? Well, it’s games like this one away at Udinese that could give a good indication as to why Gattuso is under pressure. Draws against Cagliari, Atalanta and Empoli have contributed to the somewhat negative attitude when Milan head into games they should win, and this one will be no different. Udinese, a team that sit just three points above the relegation zone and without a win since September 23, will view this game as a chance to upset one of the bigger sides in the league and finally get a statement victory.Goals haven’t been hard to come by for the Udine side, only being kept out in three games this season against Napoli, Juventus and Fiorentina, but the problem they have is keeping the goals out at the other end, something that the likes of Suso, Gonzalo Higuain and Patrick Cutrone will feast on.Despite the two consecutive losses against Inter and Real Betis earlier in October, the two wins against Sampdoria and Genoa got the Rossoneri back on track, but to go one step forward and make it three wins in a row before a tough doubleheader against Juventus and Champions League challengers Lazio would be extremely valuable to their season.Just as the 4-4-2 system was implemented, Lucas Biglia has been ruled out by injury, joining Mattia Caldara, Giacomo Bonaventura and possibly also Davide Calabria in the stands. It means Timeoue Bakayoko should get another chance in midfield, despite his abject performance against Genoa, in which he gifted a Christian Kouame temporary equaliser. Udinese are missing the likes of Lukasz Teodorczyk, Bram Nuytinck, Emmanuel Badu, Giuseppe Pezzella and Darwin Machis.Milan have won only one of their last six Serie A trips to Udine, drawing one and losing the other four.Bet on these games here: Bunga BetComments Tags: Italian Serie Atoplast_img read more

Evolutionary Mutualism Flutters

first_imgA story on Science Daily is decorated with a butterfly collection.  Amazonian butterflies studied by an international team were chosen to test Darwin’s theory of mutualism – a kind of symbiosis in which two species benefit one another.  The test yielded a surprise.    The idea going in was that sister species would evolve apart so as to minimize competition for scarce resources.  The work showed a surprise, however: “The work shows that some species of butterfly that live alongside one another have evolved in ways that, surprisingly, benefit both species.”  One would think they would separate or else compete.However, this is not always the case.  The researchers show that butterfly species that have evolved similar wing patterns – which act as a warning to predators that they are poisonous – are often not evolutionarily close to each other.  Thus the similarity is not due to shared ancestry but is an evolutionary adaptation.  The similar pattern benefits both species, as predators will only need to learn once to avoid the signal – ‘learn’, in this context, being a euphemism for eating a poisonous butterfly.Some of the unrelated species share the same habitat and fly at the same height, for example.  Instead of competing, they share the benefits of similar looks, the article said.  “The new paper shows that issues other than pure competition, such as protection from predators, can play an important role in evolution.” The scientists expected that the mimicry would pay benefits to the tasty species, but did not expect that both species would live alongside each other.One can look at this story as a success for Darwin or a defeat for Darwin.  It provided an evolutionary explanation for an observation, but then again, it surprised the scientists.  That is why Darwin’s theory is so successful.  His idea allows for any data, even data opposite what was expected, to score points for the theory.    The finding seems very un-Darwinian.  What happened to survival of the fittest?  Are they saying that two unrelated species in the same niche are equally fit?  What would Malthus think?  The scientists also failed to explain exactly how two unrelated species converged on the same patterns and behaviors.  Given such a bad track record, we won’t assume they know what relatedness means.(Visited 24 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

The “Population Bomb” Bombed

first_imgThe Book Inspired by Darwinism that Triggered a Wave of Repression Around the World by Jerry Bergman, PhDIn 1968, the “year’s most important book,” what Greg Garrard[1] called a neo-Malthusian classic, The Population Bomb, by Stanford University Professor Paul Ehrlich, “made dire predictions and triggered a wave of repression around the world.”[2] Authored by an evolutionary biologist known for his “groundbreaking studies of the co-evolution of flowering plants and butterflies,” it became a best seller, and turned the author into a celebrity.[3] The book “would become one of the most influential books of the 20th century.”[4]Ehrlich’s conclusion was announced in the first sentence:“The battle to feed all of humanity is over. In the 1970s and 1980s hundreds of millions of people will starve to death in spite of any crash programs embarked upon now. At this late date nothing can prevent a substantial increase in the world death rate.”[5]In the end, the book and the movement it birthed “fueled an anti-population-growth crusade that led to human rights abuses around the world.”[6]Marketplace in Fiji (DFC)Although Malthusian ideas, such as those presented by Ehrlich, continue to influence scholars today, for several reasons his theory failed in the 1960s and 1970s and has continued to fail up to the present. Ehrlich, inspired by Thomas Malthus and a disciple of Malthus named William Vogt who penned several books in the late 1960s, predicted massive famines as a result of population increases.[7] Vogt, in his best-selling book titled The Road to Survival, argued in no uncertain terms that current population increase trends would result in future wars, hunger, disease and civilization collapses. Likewise, Ehrlich also argued that hundreds of millions of persons would die from the overpopulation crisis that he and other leading biologists expected to occur in the 1970s unless birth control and abortion were widely applied to the population, or if necessary forced on the population.[8]Ehrlich envisioned that, by 1995, a horrific future awaited humans including the starvation of millions, or even billions, of people. His many best-selling books in which he endeavored to document this dire future, besides The Population Bomb (1968), included Population, Resources, Environment: Issues in Human Ecology (1970, with Anne Ehrlich); The End of Affluence (1974, with Anne Ehrlich) and The Population Explosion (1990, with Anne Ehrlich).Ehrlich’s Ideas ProliferatePaul R. Ehrlich in 1974 at the height of his celebrityEhrlich also was able to reach millions on several television appearances, such as the NBC Tonight Show with Johnny Carson in February of 1970 and numerous times afterward.[9] In response to Vogt’s and Ehrlich’s ideas, the first Director-General of UNESCO, Julian Huxley, in his Evolutionary Humanism, called for a radical government-enforced world population control policy.[10] Huxley and Ehrlich openly criticized both the communist and the Roman Catholic positions on birth control, and especially on abortion, as well as on their skepticism for a need for strict governmental enforced population control to avoid disaster.All of his predictions have now failed and his work “has been proven spectacularly wrong.” The problem now is the decline of the population in many countries!Another example of applied Malthusianism is the 1972 book The Limits to Growth published by the Club of Rome, and the Global 2000 report completed for the then President of the United States, Jimmy Carter. Science-fiction author Isaac Asimov, reflecting the works of Charles Darwin, Robert Malthus and Professor Paul Ehrlich, also got on board and issued many appeals for government-mandated population control programs.Dr Bergman shows how Darwinism has corrupted everything it touches.The negative results from overpopulation propaganda included policies that required forced or coerced sterilization of millions living “in unsafe conditions, in Mexico, Bolivia, Peru, Indonesia, and Bangladesh.”[11] In the end, over “eight million men and women were sterilized in 1975 alone . . . . China adopted a ‘one child’ policy that lead to huge numbers—possibly 100 million—of coerced abortions, often in poor conditions contributing to infections and even death.”[12]Ehrlich Proved WrongIn spite of his predictions, there was no net increase in the death rate around the world due to famine as a result of the conditions Ehrlich predicted. Actually, accordingly to the UN Food and Agricultural Organization, famine has become rarer around the world, from 1 out of 4 suffering from hunger to 1 out of 10 today. These statistics are more impressive in view of the fact that the world’s population has more than doubled since Ehrlich’s prediction was made. Although starvation claimed 4 to 5 million lives during the 1970s, most of the deaths were due to warfare, rather than from “environmental exhaustion from over-population” as Ehrlich warned.[13]All of his predictions have now failed and his work “has been proven spectacularly wrong.”[14] The problem now is the decline of the population in many countries! In the United States, the replacement level was 2.1 lifetime children per woman, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, as of the year ending in September 2017, shows the total fertility rate is now 1.77 lifetime births per woman. This is unsustainable; if not reversed, it will lead to population loss.Why Malthus Proved WrongBefore Malthus, commentators regarded high fertility as an economic advantage because it increased the number of workers. Malthus, however, convinced most economists that, even though high fertility might increase the gross economic output, it tended to reduce the per capita output, because food production increases linearly, but population increases exponentially (5 June 2007). Even during Malthus’ lifetime, the many major problems with his fake-math theory soon became obvious. Malthus had correctly diagnosedwhat economists now call the “Malthusian Trap”­­–– that as population rose, personal income levels decreased. This was true in England, but only until about 1800. When Malthus wrote his Essay on Population in 1798, real wages had been stagnant or declining for generations . . . . But after 1800 the facts told a different story. By the . . . early 1830s . . . personal income was increasing even as the population grew.[15]The reasons why geometric population growth in the 20th century did not result in a Malthusian catastrophe as Malthus expected include greater labor specialization and major capital investment that resulted in large agricultural production improvements. Other improvements included the use of fertilizers and petrochemical pesticides to control crop pests, mechanization (tractors and combines), and the introduction of high-yield farm crop varieties. Humans have also learned how to exploit past solar income — fossil fuels — to greatly increase agricultural production by producing electricity to pump water for irrigation.One of the most critical innovations was the 1840s discovery by the German Justus von Liebig that nitrogen was a central factor in causing plant growth. Liebig then learned how to synthesize the bio-available form of nitrogen, nitrate, and is thus called the “father” of the fertilizer revolution.[16]The second critical development was in the early 1900s when Chemist Fritz Haber developed a process to synthesize fertilizer by using high temperatures to combine hydrogen derived from methane with atmospheric nitrogen.[17] The energy-intensive Haber-Bosch process is now used throughout the world to fixate atmospheric nitrogen to produce low-cost artificial fertilizers. All of these developments have now largely negated Malthus’ major thesis.Corel Pro PhotosAs a result, though seemingly logical, the Malthusian premise has been falsified. Zubin, in a chapter titled “The Data That Proves Malthus Wrong,” reviews world population growth data plotted against GDP per capita growth, documenting how crop production has historically outstripped population growth. The data also show thatwith the right political and social conditions, men’s inventiveness, creativity, collaboration, and innovation actually accelerate the production of food and other resources as population increases, rather than deplete them . . . . Food production in the past few decades has grown exponentially, and . . . new technologies have replaced the need for scarce or outdated resources.[18]An increased supply of labor produced a situation like this story used by Malthus critics, while both the hawk and man eat chickens, the more hawks, the fewer the chickens, but more men usually means more chickens.[19] Even the late editor of the leading science magazine, Nature, John Maddox, regarded Malthus as a failed prophet.[20]Ehrlich in 2008. He received many awards from leftist organizations. He has never repudiated his views.The situation today is that food has actually improved.[21] Despite the world population doubling between 1960 and 2000, calories produced per day, per capita, has globally increased by 23 percent during this same period. Furthermore, as any restaurant worker knows, about half of all food grown today is wasted for various reasons due to high crop yields destroyed by waste, government programs for price control, and other reasons. If the waste were reduced, the Earth could easily support a much larger population than exists today.Another factor is that, in many areas, including Europe, Japan, Canada, and the United States, the birth rate is now below replacement level, which is about 2.1 children per family. Some nations now actually use financial incentives to encourage larger families to help maintain their population level. These programs have had very limited success, and immigration now appears to be the only way many countries can maintain their current population level.Ehrlich’s  Aggressive Opposition to CreationismEhrlich critic Benjamin Shapiro entered UCLA at sixteen, graduated summa cum laude in June 2004 and went on to graduate from Harvard University Law School cum laude in 2007. In response to Ehrlich’s opinion that  “American neoconservatives promote creationism because, as their own statements reveal, they apparently fear an educated population and see the theory of evolution as a threat,” Shapiro wondered if it ever occurred toEhrlich that perhaps many neoconservatives believe in the word of God? Probably not, since Ehrlich believes conservatives are out to lynch blacks and enslave the poor. Teaching creation science is foolish, professors believe. “They could just as well talk about Kumulipo,” the Hawaiian creation chant, scoffs Professor Pauline Chinn of the University of Hawaii. “Creationism isn’t science, it’s faith,” nods Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology Professor Gerald Fryer. “The big lie is that there’s something to (creationism),” sneers Professor Victor Stenger, also of the University of Hawaii.[22]Ehrlich’s Persecution of Grad Student Erville ClarkThis indicates the attitude of Ehrlich toward evolution critics. One good example of how negative Ehrlich is toward creationists includes the case of Erville Clark, a former student of Ehrlich when he was teaching at Stanford. Professor Erville Clark, in spite of his above-average qualifications that earned him an excellent academic record, was denied his Ph.D. in biology at Stanford University. He was finally able to complete his doctorate at Oregon State University. The department chair there, in evaluating Clark’s admission papers, contacted Stanford and learned that Mr. Clark was denied the Ph.D. because he was a creationist. Professor Ronald Numbers comments that this case involved the dirty tricks common in academia against creationists. In recounting the bitter incident, Clark expressed the conclusion that much of the reason was Ehrlich’s disdain for Clark’s anti-evolution views, writing that, early in his doctoral program, Clarkhad taken a course on evolution with Paul R. Ehrlich (b. 1932), from whom he received a B [grade]. Later, when Clark attempted to defend his dissertation on the ecology of a single county in northern California, Ehrlich zeroed in, quizzing him on ecology around the world, about which the young biologist admittedly knew relatively little. From what he later learned, four of the five committee members voted to pass him, but the department required a unanimous decision. The next year he retook the examination with the same results, which led to automatic termination.[23]Numbers continued, addingDetermined to earn the doctorate his father never possessed, Clark later enrolled in a general science program at Oregon State University, from which he received a Ph.D. in 1971 for a dissertation on radiation biology.[24]It is clear that one member of his Ph.D. committee—namely, the man whose scientific prediction was “spectacularly wrong”—made sure that Clark would fail his oral exams. Letters from Stanford about this case in my file expressed open intolerance against creationists, and Clark specifically. In an interview with Dr. Ehrlich about this case, Wirth reported Ehrlich claimed the Ph.D. was not denied due to Clark’s beliefs, then later Ehrlich exclaimed, well “would you grant a Ph.D. to a creationist?”[25]Dr Bergman has published 3 books of true stories of careers ruined by Darwin bigots.Now 86 years old, Dr. Ehrlich is the Bing Professor of Population Studies of the Department of Biology of Stanford University and president of Stanford’s Center for Conservation Biology. He still writes books on evolution.SummaryThe modern “population bomb” ideology movement began in 1968, largely because of a book by Paul Ehrlich. He relied heavily on the ideas of Thomas Malthus, on which Darwin also based his evolution theory of competition for resources and survival of the fittest (see “Malthus misled Darwin who misled the world,” 30 April 2014). Both Ehrlich and Malthus have proved to be “spectacularly wrong,” especially in the last century (13 May 2016). The doomsday predictions Ehrlich made have, fortunately, largely failed to come to pass. But they also proved to be socially disastrous, resulting in large-scale negation of human rights that Ehrlich’s ideas promulgated. These programs caused a great deal of harm to society, leading to millions of abortions, particularly of female babies in China, and violations of human rights. Abortions and sterilizations also increased in the United States, India, China, and many other nations. The full story of the harm of Ehrlich’s ideas has yet to be told, and this paper is a start.References[1] Garrard, 2011, p. 96.[2] Mann, 2018, p 86.[3] Mann, 2018, p. 86.[4] Mann, 2018, p. 86.[5] Ehrlich, 1968, Prologue, p. xi.[6] Mann, 2018, p. 86.[7] Lopez, 2012, p. 50.[8] Bergman, 2015. See also Bergman, 2016, 2018.[9] Mann, 2018, p. 87.[10] Huxley, 1964.[11] Mann, 2018, p. 88.[12] Mann, 2018, pp. 88-89.[13] Mann, 2018, p. 89.[14] Lopez, 2012, p. 51.[15] Snyder, 2011, p. 125.[16] Ransom, 2015, p. 59.[17] Ransom, 2015, p. 59.[18] Zubrin, 2012, p. 16.[19] Zubrin, 2012, p. 5.[20] Maddox, 1972.[21] Lomborg, 2001, p. 62.[22] Shapiro, 2004, pp. 89-90.[23] Numbers, 2006, pp.299-271, emphasis added.[24] Numbers, 2006, pp.299-271, emphasis mine.[25] Bergman, 2012, pp 46-47.BibliographyBergman, Jerry. 2008. Slaughter of the Dissidents: The Shocking Truth About Killing the Careers of Darwin Doubters. Revised version, 2012. Southworth, WA: Leafcutter Press._______. 2015. Darwinism Used to Justify Abortion. The Human Life Review. 41(2):53-65. Spring._______. 2016. Silencing the Darwin Skeptics. Southworth, WA: Leafcutter Press._______. 2018. Censoring the Darwin Skeptics. How Belief in Evolution is Enforced by Eliminating Dissidents. Southworth, WA: Leafcutter Press, 566 pages.Ehrlich, Paul. 1968. The Population Bomb. New York, NY: Ballantine Books. _______. 1974. The End of Affluence. A Blueprint for Your Future. New York : Ballantine Books. at NWSCC._______ and Ann Ehrlich. 1970. Population, Resources, Environment: Issues in Human Ecology. San Francisco, CA: W.H. Freeman._______ and Anne Ehrlich. 1981. Extinction. New York, NY: Random House._______ and Ann Ehrlich. 1990. The Population Explosion. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.Garrard, Greg. 2011. Ecocriticism. New York, NY: Routledge.Huxley, Julian, 1964. “Essays of a Humanist.” 1st ed. New York, NY: Harper and Row, 1964.New edition titled Evolutionary Humanism. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1992.Lomborg Bjørn. 2001. The Skeptical Environmentalist: Measuring the Real State of the World. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Lopez, Kathryn Jean. 2010. “Defining Eugenics Down.” The Human Life Review, 36(1):11-17, Winter. New York, NY: Human Life Foundation, Inc.Lopez, Mario. 2012. “Hijacking Immigration?” The Human Life Review, 38(4):49-73. Fall. New York, NY: Human Life Foundation, Inc.Maddox, John. 1972. The Doomsday Syndrome: An Assault on Pessimism. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.Mann, Charles. 2018. “Back When the End Was Near.” Smithsonian. 48(9): 86-89. January/February.Numbers, Ronald L. 1982. “Creationism in 20th-Century America.” Science, 218(4):538-544. _______.  2006. The Creationists. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Popular Science. 2015. 100 Inventions that Changed the World. New York, NY: Popular Science.Shapiro, Ben. 2004. Brainwashed: How Universities Indoctrinate America’s Youth.  Nashville, TN: WND Books.  Foreword by Attorney David Limbaugh.Snyder, Laura. The Philosophical Breakfast Club. New York, NY: Broadway Books.Vogt, William. 1948. The Road to Survival. New York, NY: W. Sloane Associates.Zubrin, Robert. 2012. Merchants of Despair: Radical Environmentalists, Criminal Pseudo-Scientists, and the Fatal Cult of Antihumanism. New York, NY: New Atlantis Books/ Encounter Books.Dr. Jerry Bergman has taught biology, genetics, chemistry, biochemistry, anthropology, geology, and microbiology at several colleges and universities including for over 40 years at Bowling Green State University, Medical College of Ohio where he was a research associate in experimental pathology, and The University of Toledo. He is a graduate of the Medical College of Ohio, Wayne State University in Detroit, the University of Toledo, and Bowling Green State University. He has over 1,300 publications in 12 languages and 40 books and monographs. His books and textbooks that include chapters that he authored, are in over 1,500 college libraries in 27 countries. So far over 80,000 copies of the 40 books and monographs that he has authored or co-authored are in print. For more articles by Dr Bergman, see his Author Profile.(Visited 648 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Calling all filmmakers! Submit your film to GIFF 2017.

first_img SharePrint RelatedCalling all filmmakers! Submit your film to GIFF 2018April 17, 2018In “News”Calling all filmmakers! Create a film for GIFF 2019May 7, 2019In “News”GIFF films due next week!July 24, 2018In “News” The Geocaching International Film Festival is returning for another year of epic geocaching moments captured on camera.If you’re a filmmaker, a geocacher, or something in between, GIFF 2017 is your chance to have your geocaching film viewed by thousands of people on movie screens all over the world. Submissions are now open!CALL FOR SUBMISSIONSHow the festival worksFilms are submitted to Geocaching HQ by August 1, 2017. Throughout August, the films will go through various rounds of viewing by a panel of judges from Geocaching HQ. In September the finalist films will be announced. The filmmakers will be notified, and the film titles made public. Geocachers who are hosting GIFF events will receive a single film reel compilation of all the finalists. From November 2-6, 2017, the GIFF film reel will be shown at GIFF events hosted by geocachers all over the world. In 2016, there were 526 events hosted in 44 countries, and 15,543 geocachers attended.How to submit a filmRead the rules. Seriously, read them!Read the tips for filming.Upload your geocaching film to Vimeo.Fill out the submission form and submit by August 1, 2017.this year’s theme: the art of geocachingThere’s no arguing that geocaching is an art, as much as it is a game. In designing a creative container, writing a memorable log, or going to great lengths to reach a cache, we express ourselves every time we play. This year, your challenge as a filmmaker is to show us how you turn geocaching into a form of art. And remember, your film can be fiction or documentary style.Learn more about submitting to GIFF 2017Submissions due August 1, 2017Share with your Friends:Morelast_img read more

New GBA Details for ‘Juliet’ Balconies

first_imgSubscribe to GBA to enjoy all of the benefits of GBA Pro membershipThe new details for second-floor balconies, like most details on the GBA website, are available only to GBA Pro members.To enjoy all of the benefits of GBA Pro membership, subscribe to GBA Pro today or try our 14-day free trial. GBA’s library of construction details continues to expand. The latest two additions are details for second-floor balconies.Many second-floor balconies — especially those created by cantilevering floor joists — leak heat and admit water. To avoid problems with air leakage, thermal bridging, and moisture entry, use one of the following details:Second-Floor Balcony Supported by BracketsSecond-Floor Balcony Supported by Steel Rodslast_img read more

U.S. Looks to Europe for Energy Retrofit Model

first_img RELATED ARTICLES How the retrofits are carried outThe key to the residential overhauls in the Netherlands is the use of prefabricated building components to carry out a retrofit in only a few weeks, without disrupting the lives of tenants. Builders use what Energiesprong describes as a “3-D scanning technique” to make roof and wall panels that will become a new enclosure for an existing house.Components can be manufactured accurately and quickly. The panels arrive on the site already insulated, and with wiring and duct work installed. Wall sections are moved by crane and bolted to brackets that have been attached to the house. Houses typically get a new bathroom and kitchen, and the all-electric houses are powered by a 6-kW photovoltaic system on the roof.Homeowners can stay in the house through much (but not all) of the process, and in the end should be able to pay for the €40,000 targeted cost by reducing electricity use by some 15,000 kWh per year. When GBA first reported on Transition Zero in 2014, work was being carried out on “social housing,” government-financed row houses for middle-class and low-income tenants.Transition Zero hoped to expand the program to include 110,000 homes in the Netherlands alone. According to the Energiesprong website, it has since expanded into Germany, the United Kingdom, and France. In time, the net-zero conversions, if carried out on enough housing stock, could help the EU meet its carbon emissions reduction target of 80% by the middle of this century. “The task at hand is to design a replicable system that we can test on a pilot building in a cold climate zone in the U.S.,” Net-Zero Energy Coalition Executive Director Shilpa Sankaran said by telephone.Separately, the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority has issued a request for proposals from those interested in developing an Energiesprong-style building rehab program there called RetrofitNY. As much as $450,000 is available, and applications will be accepted through July 31. RetrofitNY was announced by New York Governor Andrew Cuomo in February. He called it a first for the U.S. and said the state would set aside $30 million over 10 years to bring a “substantial portion of New York’s affordable housing units to or near net-zero energy over the next decade.” Net-Zero Energy on a Mass ScaleBuilding a Low-Cost Zero-Energy HomeCalifornia Leads the Nation in Net-Zero ProjectsZero-Energy Construction is ‘Set to Explode’To Net Zero and Beyond Thousands of European families are now living in comfortable, energy-efficient homes that were upgraded in a far-reaching program called Transition Zero, all part of an effort to lower carbon emissions in the European Union.Starting in 2010 with a €40 million grant from the Dutch government, a non-profit group called Energiesprong worked with builders to develop a method for upgrading ordinary houses into net-zero-energy performers with prefabricated building components. The process took weeks, not months, and was designed to be a financial wash for tenants — the cost of the upgrades could be financed by the savings in lower energy billsA group of advocates for high-performance buildings hopes a similar model can be successful on this side of the Atlantic. Working with a three-year $500,000 grant from the Department of Energy, a group calling itself REALIZE is adapting the Energiesprong approach to the U.S. housing market and hopes to have a pilot conversion completed by the middle of 2020.The effort brings together three organizations with deep roots in the high-performance building arena: the Rocky Mountain Institute, the Net-Zero Energy Coalition, and the Passive House Institute U.S. Together, they hope to overcome a variety of obstacles that have so far prevented a “mass-scale” approach to building upgrades and limited documented net-zero retrofits in the U.S. to just 31.center_img In New York, carbon goals also a factorAs is the case with the European Union, RetrofitNY is designed to lower greenhouse gas emissions. The state hopes to cut emissions by 40% by 2030.Design/construction teams are being asked to come up with plans to retrofit as many as six multifamily projects across New York. NYSERDA said design solutions would be required to exclude fossil fuels on site, to be cost-effective, and “be standardized, scalable, and aesthetically pleasing.” In other words, the same list of objectives that REALIZE is working with.The announcement said that NYSERDA views the RFP as a first step in developing a new industry that can carry out net-zero retrofits to residential buildings on a broad scale. “The retrofit solutions developed through this initiative will serve as a national model for cost-effective and highly energy-efficient multifamily housing renovations,” the statement reads.Six awards of $75,000 will be granted.Klingenberg said that New York’s interest grew out of the early RMI meetings, but while RMI was looking for a program that would work nationally, New York officials wanted to move faster and had less variation in climate to worry about. Why net-zero progress is slowNet-zero buildings are still a relative rarity in the U.S. The Net-Zero Energy Coalition’s inventory of houses currently operating at that level in the U.S. and Canada stands at 5,593. Citing data from the Thousand Home Challenge, the group reports that to date only 31 zero-energy retrofits have been documented in the U.S.REALIZE says this is due to several “legacy issues” in the housing industry, including:Lack of industry knowledge on how to design and carry out a net-zero retrofit.A fragmented and complex construction process.A “lack of industry ambition” to develop techniques that could be used on a mass scale.Uncertainty among building owners on a return on investment for a retrofit.REALIZE sees the program developed by Energiesprong as a way of circumventing those problems. In the end, the U.S. program should be able to deliver high-performance homes in two weeks that come with performance guarantees and are paid for with energy savings.“This model employs a process that combines aggregation of demand with a coordinated supply chain to deploy prefabricated, mass-scale retrofits,” a statement said. “Think of it like an IKEA net-zero-energy retrofit!”Can the U.S. approach be as successful as Energiesprong? Klingenberg thinks so, and the focus here on multifamily buildings rather than small townhouses common to European cities will be important.“We’re looking at multifamily projects with a much larger scale impact,” she said. “If and when we get that solution together and have a typology that is very widely existing in the market, I think at that point we can scale up very quickly. That’s RMI’s goal: Getting to the retrofit market and accessing it for climate action. We can’t just rely on the new construction side. We’re not going to make a dent regarding climate. We really need to get to these larger scale multifamily projects.” Progress here to dateThe group in the U.S. is in the early stages of developing a similar program. After a number of preliminary steps this year and next, REALIZE is shooting for a pilot construction project somewhere in the U.S. by the second quarter of 2020.Sankaran said the likely target will be a multifamily affordable housing project of between 30 and 50 units in a mid-sized to larger city.Details on how the retrofits will be carried out are still to be decided, including how and where the building components will be assembled. At the moment, it’s just too soon to tell what a proposed building package would look like, and there’s no guarantee it will be an exact copy of the Dutch model, Sankaran said.“We’re open to whatever the best, scalable, affordable, prepackaged solution is,” she said. “We are trying to replicate the model, not the specific technology.”That said, Sankaran believes the approach probably will mimic the Transition Zero model in that existing buildings will be wrapped in a new exterior. REALIZE is in the process of selecting its engineering/design partner, and by the end of the year should have selected the specific building for the pilot study. Net-zero energy operation is the goal, but it remains to be seen how much on-site energy can be produced by a multifamily building in an urban environment.The target could be a privately owned, affordable housing project, Sankaran said. Tenants would not see their rents increase because they are controlled by federal regulations, but the building owner could see financial benefits from the upgrades that would allow them to build more affordable housing projects.“When they can leverage their debt capacity, it allows them to do more projects,” she said. “That’s some of the intricate math that we’re working through right now.”PHIUS executive director Katrin Klingenberg said by telephone that the Rocky Mountain Institute organized a series of meetings three years ago to test interest in the idea of importing the Energiesprong model into the U.S. PHIUS was a good fit, she said, because the project faced some of the same issues that a transfer of Passivhaus building principles did: How to get a standardized building approach to work in a place with many different climate zones?last_img read more